Explaining the Endocannabinoid System

Explaining the endocannabinoid system is becoming more and more relevant these days because of the ever-increasing popularity of cannabis and the compounds CBD and THC. These compounds, particularly CBD, are crucial for the proper functioning of this system. For more information on these compounds, please read the article, All about Hemp Oil on this website

What is the Endocannabinoid System?

The endocannabinoid system, also known as ECS, is a complicated signaling Explaining the endocannanbinoid Systemsystem on the cellular level discovered in the early 1990s by researchers examining THC, a celebrated cannabinoid. Cannabinoids are compounds found in cannabis. Cannabis is the name of a group of three (3) plants with psychoactive properties, known as Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, and Cannabis ruderalis.

What does the Endocannabinoid System do?

Researchers are still trying to fully comprehend the ECS. But thus far, it is known that it plays a role in regulating a range of functions and processes. Explaining the Endocannanbinoid SystemThese include appetite, mood, memory, sleep, reproduction and fertility.

It is important to note that the endocannabinoid system is alive and active in the body without our use of cannabis.

How does The Endocannabinoid System Work?

Explaining the Endocannabinoid System

The ECS involve three (3) principal components: endocannabinoids, receptors, and enzymes.

First let’s look at endocannabinoids. They are also called endogenous cannabinoids, which are molecules made by the body in the brain. They’re similar to the cannabinoids in the plants, but these are produced by our bodies.

Researchers have recognized two significant endocannabinoids so far:

  • 2-arachidonoylglyerol (2-AG)
  • anandamide (AEA)

These assist in keeping internal bodily tasks running smoothly. The body generates them as needed, making it difficult to know what standard levels apply to each.

Next we have Endocannabinoid receptors. These receptors are located all through the body. Endocannabinoids attach to them in order to indicate that the ECS needs to take action.

There are two (2) principal endocannabinoid receptors:

  • CB1 receptors, which are typically established in the central nervous system
  • CB2 receptors, which are typically found in the peripheral nervous system, in particular immune cells

Endocannabinoids can bind to either receptor. The resulting effects depend on where the receptor is located and which endocannabinoid it binds to.

For instance, endocannabinoids might aim for CB1 receptors in a spinal nerve to relieve pain. Others might bind to a CB2 receptor in the immune cells to signal that the body is encountering inflammation, which is a common sign of autoimmune disorders.

Lastly, enzymes, those are responsible for breaking down endocannabinoids once they have performed their purpose. There are two (2) principal enzymes responsible for this:

  • fatty acid amide hydrolase, that breaks down AEA
  • monoacylglycerol acid lipase, that typically breaks down 2-AG

What does the Endocannabinoid System do?

The endocannabinoid system is complicated, and researchers have yet to determine exactly how it functions or all of its prospective functions.

However, Research has linked the ECS to the following processes:

  • appetite and digestion
  • bone remodeling and growthExplaining the endocannanbinoid System
  • cardiovascular system function
  • chronic pain
  • inflammation and other immune system responses
  • learning and memory
  • liver function
  • metabolism
  • mood
  • motor control
  • muscle formation
  • reproductive system function
  • skin and nerve function
  • sleep
  • stress

All of these functions contribute to homeostasis, which conveys to stability of the body’s internal environment.

For instance, if an external force, such as pain from a wound or a fever, throws off the body’s homeostasis, the ECS would kick in to help the body return to its normal operative state.

Today, researchers believe that continuing homeostasis is the principal role of the ECS.

How does THC Interrelate with the Endocannabinoid System?

Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is one of the core cannabinoids found in cannabis. It is the compound that gets an individual “high.”

Once in the body, THC works together with the ECS by attaching to receptors, just like endocannabinoids. It is powerful in part because it can attach to both CB1 and CB2 receptors.

This allows it to have an array of effects on the body and mind, a few more pleasing than others. For instance, THC may help to reduce pain and stimulate the appetite. On the other hand, it can additionally cause paranoia and anxiety in some cases.

It is important to note that researchers are currently examining ways to produce synthetic THC cannabinoids that interrelates with the ECS in beneficial ways exclusively.

How does CBD Interrelate with the Endocannabinoid System?

The other core cannabinoid found in cannabis is cannabidiol (CBD). Unlike THC, CBD doesn’t make an individual “high” and more often than not doesn’t cause any negative effects.expalining the endocannabinoid system

Researchers aren’t totally sure how CBD interrelates with the ECS. But they do know that it doesn’t attach to CB1 or CB2 receptors the way THC does. Instead, a lot of them believe it works by averting endocannabinoids from being broken down. This permits them to have more of an effect on the body. Still, others believe that CBD attaches to a receptor that hasn’t been discovered yet.

While the particulars of how it functions are still under debate, research indicates that CBD can help with pain, nausea, and other symptoms associated with multiple conditions.

Endocannabinoid deficiency

Some researchers consider a theory known as clinical endocannabinoid deficiency (CECD). This theory advocates that low endocannabinoid levels in the body or ECS dysfunction can contribute to the development of certain conditions.

The theory of clinical endocannabinoid deficiency proposes that in various cases the body doesn’t generate enough endocannabinoids or enough receptors for the endocannabinoid system to perform properly. Consequently, the many functions aren’t regulated properly and the body becomes unbalanced, allowing diseases to arise.

A 2016 article reviewing over 10 years of research on the topic propose that the theory could explain why some people develop migraine, fibromyalgia, and irritable bowel syndrome.

Presently, not any of these conditions has a clear underlying cause. They are additionally frequently opposing to treatment and occasionally appear alongside each other.

If it is confirmed that CECD does play any kind of role in these conditions, targeting the ECS or endocannabinoid production could be the missing key to treatment.


Supplementing the ECS can be a sure way to ensure that your body has enough cannabinoids. One of the ways of accomplishing this is with a high quality hemp oil. Hemp oil contains CBD and has little to no THC which is why it is legal in all of the US and some countries. For FREE samples containing high quality hemp oil CLICK HERE.

Explaiining the Endocannabinoid System


The ECS plays a major role in keeping our internal processes steady and more research is being conducted. As researchers progress in a better understanding of the ECS, it could ultimately hold the solution to treating several medical conditions.

Please feel free to leave any question, comment, or concern below. You will receive a response.

Good Health!!




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All about Hemp Oil


Did you know that hemp oil is medical marijuana? Find out why as you read all about hemp oil in this exhaustive article on the subject.

What is Hemp Oil?

It all begins with Cannabis. Cannabis is a family of plants with two principal classifications – Cannabis Indica and Cannabis Sativa. While marijuana can be deemed a member of either the Indica or Sativa families, Hemp is strictly a constituent of the Cannabis Sativa family.

In Hemp, the oil is sited in the aerial section of the plant but is not found in the roots or seeds. The aerial parts of the hemp plant are located in the parts of the plant above the soil line, specifically, the stems, flowers, and leaves.

There is also Hemp seed oil. Hemp seed oil is derived from the ripened the seeds of the hemp plants or Cannabis sativa.

There is a variety of different extraction methods used to extract CBD from the raw cannabis plant material. The most frequently used extraction methods are solvent-based methods. With this method, solvents such as butane, propane, and ethanol (along with others) are used to extract CBD from the plant material.

A more advanced extraction process which is without solvents is the Supercritical Fluid Extraction (SFE) method, which uses carbon dioxide (CO2). During the SFE process, a specialized extraction machine freezes and compresses the carbon dioxide until it achieves a supercritical cold liquid state. This liquid then passes through the plant material, which extracts the cannabinoids and organic compounds from it.

Hemp seed oil on the other hand is produced by cold-pressing the ripened seeds of industrial hemp plants. These plants have almost no tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). More detail on this to follow below.

Along with essential fatty acids, hemp seed oil contains vitamins, minerals, and amino acids.

What is the Difference between Hemp Oil and Marijuana?

Since both Hemp and marijuana plants originate from the Cannabis Sativa family, they do contain similar properties. Conversely, because they have different biological structures, they have several vastly distinct and central differences.

Cannabis plants have a variety of diverse compounds called Cannabinoids. There are actually over one-hundred of them but two of the plenteous and most prevailing are Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and Cannabidiol (CBD). Both have shown to provide acute benefits to the human body. However, the major difference is THC produces psychoactive effects, which triggers the user to get high, whereas CBD does not contain any substantial psychoactive properties. This is why hemp oil is legal in all fifty states in the US and some countries.

While both Hemp and Marijuana plants contain CBD and THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), which causes that psychoactive high, Hemp contains a much higher percentage of CBD and only trace amounts of THC, which is the reason CBD is normally extracted from the hemp plant (and is also known as hemp extract). CBD from the Hemp plant won’t get an individual high, even though it can have psychoactive effects along the lines of reducing anxiety and depression.

How does Hemp Oil Work

Hemp extract contains powerful compounds including cannabinoids (i.e. CBD), terpenes, and a number of other beneficial phytochemicals. All of which work synergistically with the endocannabinoid system (ECS) to support the body’s natural ability to heal and rebalance itself.

The endocannabinoid system was only discovered recently in the early 1990’s when researchers discovered cannabinoid receptors. It was further realized that these were some of the most plentiful neurotransmitter receptors established in the brain. This awareness was soon followed by the finding of the endocannabinoid system.

This intricate system was named for its relationship with the cannabis plant, but the ECS does much more than get you high. In fact, we produce our own cannabinoid compounds (known as endocannabinoids) that play a vital biological role by sustaining balance or homeostasis in the body.

Imagine, our bodies produce weed!!

As I like to say, balance is the key to life. This applies both externally in our existence and internally with our bodily systems.

To summarize, the ECS works to keep the body in a stable position where everything is working optimally, regardless of what might be going on externally. The body is at its best when it is in a state of equilibrium or balance, so the endocannabinoid system works with the various systems of the body to maintain this balance.

Cannabinoid receptors are located on the surface of cells throughout the nervous system and the rest of the body. Endocannabinoids, as well as external cannabinoids ingested, can bind to these receptors, allowing them to communicate with various systems in the body and reset the equilibrium where needed. The two main sorts of cannabinoid receptors are CB1 and CB2 receptors.

  • CB1 receptors exist in the central nervous system, which consists of the brain and the nerves in the spinal cord.
  • CB2 receptors exist in the peripheral nervous system, which consists of the nerves located throughout the rest of the body (enabling the brain to correspond with these areas), as well as the digestive and immune systems.

Because cannabinoid receptors are positioned throughout the body, the ECS system is able to act with precision whenever it addresses an issue of imbalance in one of the body’s systems. It is able to pinpoint an area with inflammation and zero in on that issue explicitly, rather than disturbing other systems and heaving more things misaligned.

Because of THC’s intoxicating properties it is illegal in many parts of the world, but CBD on the other hand has emerged as a promising drug candidate for researchers to examine. It holds many useful therapeutic properties by energizing the ECS. However, unlike THC, CBD doesn’t get one intoxicated.

The reason is CBD interacts with the ECS differently than THC. It only binds weakly to CB1 and CB2 receptors. And when it does, CBD essentially operates as an antagonist. Sometimes called blockers, antagonists attach to receptors and reduce their signals. This explains why CBD can counteract the consequences of THC intoxication.

CBD also affects the ECS by inhibiting the FAAH enzyme, which breaks down anandamide. Anandamide produces a relaxing effect, so by blocking the FAAH enzyme that breaks it down, CBD is helpful in treating anxiety disorders.

The fact of the matter is homeostasis plays a vital role in health in general. Since external cannabinoids like CBD can bond to our cannabinoid receptors even as well as the endocannabinoids our bodies naturally produce, researchers are finding that CBD products can have wide-ranging therapeutic benefits for various health issues.  These receptors are found in all mammals so CBD products are also beneficial for pets (dogs, cats, etc.) as well.

When something in the body is out of balance, hemp oil encourages the body to bring it back to normal. This is why evidence suggests hemp extract can help relieve a host of conditions that affect the body.

For a visual of how CBD functions, see the video.

What are the Health Benefits of Hemp Oil?

There are several health benefits of hemp oil which are described below.

Attacks temporary Inflammation – Historically, Cannabis has been used for its pain-relieving qualities. Pain can have a range of sources, but one offender in the body is inflammation, which can affect muscles, joints, and tissues.

Research proposes that the cannabinoids in full spectrum hemp oil can help All about Hemp Oilto cool the effects of temporary inflammation, providing welcome relief. For more information on inflammation, please read the article, The Dangers of Inflammation on this website.

When experiencing undue inflammation, it is basically the body’s immune system responding and reacting when it shouldn’t.

The cannabinoids in hemp, namely CBD, help supports the immune system. For example research on animals found that CBD promotes the signaling of the adenosine receptor A2A. This receptor, in turn, produces an anti-inflammatory effect.

Hemp extract regulates the immune system in other ways also. Thanks to research, scientists have discovered that the CBD in hemp extract can modulate the body’s inflammatory response by inducing the apoptosis (programmed cell death) of activated immune cells. As a result, it effectively suppresses cytokines and chemokines (cell growth) at inflammatory sites throughout the body.

CDB is not the only compound in hemp that fights inflammation. CBD is undoubtedly the most researched compound in hemp extract. But that doesn’t denote that it is the only compound that provides anti-inflammatory benefits. There are several other cannabinoids and terpenes (organic compounds) in hemp extract that additionally help the body control inflammation.

For example, a cannabinoid called cannabichromene was found in rat studies to be as effectual as an anti-inflammatory drug called phenylbutazone. The scientists noted further that it might be a better alternative than the anti-inflammatory drug because it is significantly less toxic, yet just as effective.

Another study on mice found that a unique cannabinoid called cannabigerol is such a potent anti-inflammatory compound that scientists are considering its use for treating inflammatory and autoimmune disorders.

Hemp extract also contains a variety of terpenes—aromatic oils naturally All about Hemp Oilfound in plants. Much like the cannabinoids, these terpenes can fight inflammation. One of these terpenes in hemp extract is called alpha-pinene.

Research conducted on mice suggests that the terpene alpha-pinene possesses anti-inflammatory properties. In fact, it’s so effective that scientists are considering it as a candidate for the treatment of inflammatory diseases.

There also are several other terpenes in hemp extract like myrcene that are showing promise for anti-inflammatory properties.

Bottom line is that CBD can support the body’s immune response, by inactivating the immune cells that are triggering inflammation.

Inflammation is involved to some degree in almost every health complication. Ranging from less acute problems like muscle tension and headaches to more critical conditions such as heart disease and arthritis.

This is the reason keeping inflammation under control should be one of a top priority. An individual additionally can take steps to fight inflammation by eating plenty of organic fruits and vegetables, avoiding processed foods, All about Hemp Oilexercising regularly and detoxing. These are the traditional methods of maintaining good health and controlling inflammation.

One new and straightforward step is to incorporate a top quality hemp oil extract. Hemp oil contains a plethora of cannabinoids that can aid the body in calming the effects of temporary inflammation naturally. This can entail newfound relief to ease pain and discomfort in hips, shoulders, knees and everywhere else inflammation may flare up from time to time.

So, for an individual experiencing joint pain, it’s possible that hemp extract can provide relief by reducing the inflammation that is causing the joint discomfort or stiffness.

Eases Stress – Surveys have shown that up to one third of the population in the US will experience an anxiety-related disorder at some point in their lives.

But even more common is everyday stress. Work deadlines and home demands led to feelings of stress and anxiety which are soon to follow.

In the fast paced society we live in today, it isn’t easy to find the time to relax and get the sleep our bodies desperately need. Over time, this leads to a buildup of stress and sleep deprivation.

Numerous studies have shown that stress and a lack of sleep will weaken the body’s immune system, cause weight gain, harm the digestive system, and so much more. These effects compound over time, creating a vicious cycle…Stress and poor sleep leads to fatigue and poor health which leads to more stress. For further information on sleep, please read the article, The Importance of Sleep for Health on this website.

One solution is to make changes in behavior such as getting more exercise or better time management. However, changes in behavior require time, effort and motivation. These are resources individuals won’t have when they are stressed and sleep deprived.

Luckily, research has shown that cannabinoids may help. On a review of studies on military veterans showed benefits that ranged from reduced anxiety to improved coping ability.

In a different study, cannabidiol (CBD) was found to aid in the reduction cortisol production in the body, consequently helping relieve the effects of stress.

Hemp oil has powerful plant-based compounds that can yield the boost needed to break free from the stress cycle. It biochemically affects the body in a distinctive way to help relieve stress effects and improve sleep quality. This is accomplished without making time-consuming behavioral changes.

By turning stress into relaxation and restless nights into quality sleep, the cycle is often reversed. When happy and relaxed, one can sleep well. With improved sleep, an individual will naturally feel better and experience less stress.

This is how it happens. When the body is stressed, it releases a hormone called cortisol. It is the compound that gives the feeling of being overwhelmed, uneasy, and causes the mind to race. These are the common characteristics of stress.

In small doses, this hormone is utterly harmless. But when caught up in the All about Hemp Oilstress-sleep cycle, the stress can easily become chronic or constant. This is when it starts to have a negative effect on the mind and body.

Research has established that the cannabinoids in hemp oil can decrease the concentration of cortisol in the body considerably in that way supporting the body’s stress reaction.

Again, as mentioned earlier, hemp oil also fuels the endocannabinoid system (ECS) in the body. The ECS is an intricate system of receptors that play a vital role in stress adaptation or how we deal with stress.

Getting back to sleep, Hemp oil can make a meaningful difference in the quality of sleep simply by reducing stress levels. However, there are other ways it makes sleep quality better.

There is more to getting a good night’s rest than sleeping for 7-8 hours. Because an individual can still be sleep deprived if one is not getting quality
sleep. But, hemp oil is shown to improve both
the duration one stays asleep at night and the quality of that sleep.

One review established that the CBD in hemp oil treated signs of sleeplessness in that it reduced the time to fall asleep and prevented disrupted sleep. This additionally improves daytime alertness.

Scientists have additionally discovered that the endocannabinoid system performs a vital role in the crucial REM stage of sleep. If the REM stages of sleep are interrupted, it could decrease the body’s ability to cope with stress. This stage of sleep can affect how one reacts to events throughout the day.

Soothes Joint Irritation – Since it is a fact that cannabinoids assist with fighting temporary inflammation, hemp oil can ease joint discomfort. But for greatest advantage, it is best to obtain a cannabinoid extract that is paired with hemp seed oil. The reason is hemp seed oil is additionally full of beneficial plant omegas, which support joint health.

For this purpose, hemp oil is also available in balm form to apply to a specific joint for faster effectiveness.

Supports a Vigorous Heart – While much focus is on its potential to relieve stress and discomfort, hemp oil additionally sustains a healthy heart.

Introductory research suggests that cannabinoids may assist blood vessels to relax and widen, which suggest that it may support healthy blood pressure.

Full spectrum hemp oil is a natural source of heart-healthy essential fatty acids, conveyed at optimal omega ratios. These comprise omega-6 (linoleic acid), omega-3 (alpha-linoleic acid), and omega-9 (oleic acid).

Battles Free Radicals – A small amount of oxidative stress is a basic byproduct of living. But environmental contaminants, consuming processed foods excessively, high- energy exercise, and a stress-filled lifestyle can all contribute to a harmful and damaging level of oxidative stress.

This is harmful for the body because over time, free radicals can damage cells and even the DNA in an individual. The optimal therapy for oxidative stress is found in antioxidant-rich plants and herbs. For more information on free radicals, please read the article, What are Free Radicals and Why are they Bad on this website

According to the research, the great news is that hemp oil has powerful All about Hemp Oilantioxidants that fight free radicals and reduce oxidative stress.

Sustains Exercise Recuperation – Extreme exercise training can strain muscles, leading to discomfort (i.e. soreness) and long mending times. FULL SPECTRUM HELP OIL may be able to assist.

Along with comforting temporary inflammation, one of the ingredients of hemp oil is called cannabigerol (CBG). Research has suggested that the cannabinoid CBG may hinder the release of the neurotransmitter GABA, which can lessen muscle tension.

The combined benefits of antioxidants, omegas and cannabinoids in hemp oil are an additional way to sustain general exercise recovery.

With comprehensive health benefits—from lessening joint aches, to making daily stress more controllable, to supporting better sleep, and more—premium hemp oil is worth taking a look at for the health and well-being of our bodies. For a free sample of premium quality hemp oil, CLICK HERE

This makes a quality hemp oil product a simple and effective way to improve the quality of the life.

As with any supplements or medication, you should always do the research and buy legally-sanctioned products in order to enjoy the full benefits of CBD.

Where to buy Hemp Oil

The most important thing to consider when purchasing hemp oil is the company selling it. There are companies that make many false medical claims which are out of compliance with the FDA. There are also companies that make false claims regarding how much hemp oil is actually contained in their products.

Therefore, you must consider a company that is honest, compliant, openly presents their test results, uses quality farms, has quality extraction methods (CO2 extraction), and are certified by the US Hemp Authority. 

For a free sample of premium quality hemp oil products, from a premium hemp company, CLICK HERE.

You can also view the second video for a review of the company and its products

Please feel free to leave any question, comment or concern below. You will receive a response.

Good Health!!




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The Facts about Oxytocin

Oxytocin is one of the “happy hormones.”  In fact, it is called the “love hormone.”  Find out why from this article that explores the facts about oxytocin.

What is Oxytocin?

Oxytocin is a hormone.  Hormones are the body’s chemical messengers made by specialist cells which travel through the bloodstream to tissues and organs, and control most of our body’s major systems.  For more on hormones see the article, The Importance of Hormones on this website.

It is produced by the hypothalamus and secreted by the pituitary gland.  Oxytocin is released when the cells of the neurons in the hypothalamus become excited.

What does Oxytocin do?

Oxytocin is an important hormone in that it plays an essential role in the childbirth process and also helps with male reproduction.

In women, it is liable for signaling contractions of the womb all through labor.  Oxytocin engages the uterine muscles to contract, so labor begins.  It additionally increases the production of prostaglandins, which move labor along and multiplies the contractions even further.  Because of this effect, sometimes synthetic oxytocin (pitocin) is used to cause a woman to start labor if she cannot start naturally, or to make contractions stronger if the labor is slowing.

Once the baby has arrived, oxytocin advances lactation by moving the milk into the breast.  When the baby draws at the mother’s breast, oxytocin secretion triggers the milk to release so the baby can feed.  Simultaneously, oxytocin is released into the brain to stimulate further oxytocin production.  Once the baby ceases feeding, the production of the hormone terminates until the next feeding.

In men, oxytocin function is less crucial, but it does have a role to play in moving sperm.  It additionally appears to affect the making of testosterone in the testes.

Additionally, studies of oxytocin have discovered that it is a crucial chemical messenger that manages some human behaviors and social interaction.  It is oxytocin that activates the bond between a mother and an infant, and it may additionally play a role in recognition, sexual arousal, trust, and anxiety.  Some research shows that the hormone may even affect addiction and stress also.

The discharge of oxytocin is understood to have a positive effect on family relationships, trust, recognition, anxiety, and sexual arousal.  As a result of this, having low levels of the hormone can be detrimental to one’s emotional wellbeing.

The Love Hormone

Oxytocin is sometimes known as the “cuddle hormone” or the “love hormone,” for the reason that it is released when individuals cuddle up or bond socially.  Similarly, playing with a dog can cause an oxytocin rush, according to a 2009 study published in the journal Hormones and Behavior.  Facts about OxytocinBut there is another side of this coin.

Oxytocin can also increase memories of bonding gone bad, for instance in cases where men have poor relationships with their mothers.  It can also make individuals less accepting of other individuals they see as outsiders.  In other words, whether oxytocin makes one feel cuddly or suspicious of others depends on the environment.

Similarly, with men as with women, oxytocin smoothes the progress of bonding.  Fathers who received a boost of oxytocin by means of a nasal spray played more closely with their babies than dads who didn’t get the hormone boost, according to a 2012.  Another hormone, called vasopressin, plays a stronger role in men.

Oxytocin Deficiency

Deficiency of the oxytocin hormone is linked to a number of chronic health problems.  Below are some signs of low oxytocin levels.

Lack of desire to socialize – Oxytocin is not only known as the “love hormone,” it is additionally referred to it as the “social hormone” because the release of it encourages social interaction.  Individuals who are introverted and withdrawn or have social anxiety may additionally have low Facts about Oxytocinoxytocin levels.  According to  Autism Speaks, among children with autism, there is a link between low levels of oxytocin and severe social difficulties.

Poor communication skills – Couple interaction and close relationships are linked to oxytocin levels.  A study within the journal Biological Psychiatry of forty-seven couples who were given either oxytocin or a placebo administered nasally before an instructed couple conflict session, found that those who received the oxytocin showed increased positive communication behavior in reference to negative behavior.

Low libido –when the brain is experiencing a chemical deficiency, interest in sex declines, it doesn’t seem as enticing as before, and the physical act will leave an individual deficient.  As we age, our chemical deficiencies can wane.  Having low levels of oxytocin can cause difficulty in one’s sex life with waning desire and performance.

According to an article in The Huffington Post by Eric R. Braverman, MD, the founder father of PATH Medical, women who are deficient in oxytocin may have difficulty with sexual arousal and the ability to achieve orgasm.

Craving Sugar – reduced activity in the brain’s oxytocin system, which is in charge of making us feel full, can be caused by consuming an excess amount of sugar.  When oxytocin cells in the brain are blunted, the body seeks out sweets, thus creating a sugar-craving cycle.

Distrust – Another name for oxytocin is the “trust hormone.”  If one is feeling distrustful toward their spouse, friends, or society as a whole, that individual could have low oxytocin levels.

Problems with Oxytocin Production

Men with high levels of oxytocin on occasion develop benign prostatic hyperplasia, or the enlarging of the prostate gland.  This consequence can cause urinary complaints.  On the other hand, a lack of oxytocin can thwart the milk letdown reflex and make breastfeeding difficult.  Low oxytocin levels have also been connected to depression, but using oxytocin to treat mental health issues has not yet been studied adequately.

How to Increase Oxytocin


Facts about Oxytocin
Get that Vitamin D from the sun!!

Vitamin D – It’s just good to get outside and get some sunshine.  This is how we get vitamin D.  Every tissue in our bodies has Vitamin D receptors, together with our brain, therefore an insufficiency can lead to damaging physiological and psychological costs.

Research has shown that oxytocin is directly activated and controlled by Vitamin D.  In fact, some researchers additionally believe that autistic children possess low levels of oxytocin likely because they are deficient in Vitamin D.

It is particularly important to get some sunlight in the morning to set their circadian rhythm.  But for the most part, individuals just don’t get enough Vitamin D from the sun, and that is why I generally recommend taking a vitamin D supplement or using a Vitamin D lamp.

It has been estimated by researchers that half (50 percent) of the general population is in danger of Vitamin D deficiency.

Vitamin D also naturally increases dopamine levels in the brain, and being deficient in Vitamin D can make you more anxious and more depressed. For more on dopamine, see the article, Facts about Dopamine on this website.

Vitamin C – is an additional way to optimize and increase the levels of oxytocin.

Researchers have long recognized that Vitamin C is a cofactor in the making of oxytocin, and the synthesis of oxytocin is dependent upon Vitamin C.

One study established that Vitamin C promotes the secretion of oxytocin. And another study found that supplementing with a high dosage of Vitamin C increases the release of oxytocin, which then increases intercourse frequency, improves mood, and decreases stress.

As is commonly known, Vitamin C is established in fruits and vegetables for example green peppers, tomatoes, cauliflower, citrus fruits, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, and cabbage.

Although getting Vitamin C from fruits and vegetables are an excellent route to take, additionally supplements are available to fulfill this goal.

Magnesium – This is a vital mineral that take part in more than 300 biochemical reactions in the body. Unfortunately, many individuals have a magnesium deficiency today.  This is unfortunate as magnesium is absolutely crucial for the suitable functioning of the nervous system and optimal neurotransmitter activity.Facts about Oxytocin

Researchers have discovered that the oxytocin receptor requires magnesium to perform properly, and magnesium increases the action of oxytocin at the receptor.

There are a number of things an individual can do to make sure they are getting enough magnesium.

First, make sure to consume magnesium-rich sources of food on a regular basis, including spinach, chard, pumpkin seeds, almonds, avocado, dark chocolate and bananas.

Epsom salt baths are an enormous way to increase the body’s intake of magnesium.

Magnesium supplements are additionally a good way to produce more oxytocin

Besides supporting oxytocin levels, magnesium can additionally naturally increase dopamine, reduce anxiety, and assist one to overcome trauma, withdrawal and addiction.  For more information on magnesium, see the article How Important is Magnesium on this website.

Taurine – Taurine is an organic compound found in food, mainly found in animal products and it has a wide variety of health benefits.  It can cross the blood-brain barrier, improve mood and produces anti-anxiety effects.

Researchers consider that one of the ways it improves mood and reduces anxiety is by naturally intensifying the discharge of oxytocin in the brain.

Touch – There is significant research indicating that personal can touch quickly increase oxytocin levels in the brain. This includes kissing, sex, and cuddling.  But also non-sexual touch such as hugging and shaking hands increases oxytocin as well.

A 10-second hug every day can help boost your immune system, fight infection, increase dopamine, reduce depression, and lessen fatigue.

Therefore, to produce more oxytocin, start hugging people… just wait until after the pandemic is over!

Pets – Animals bring us peace and calm, and it’s because they increase oxytocin levels.

Research has shown that just touching a pet lowers an individual’s blood pressure and increases their oxytocin levels.

One study found that oxytocin amounts increased in both humans and dogs after just five (5) minutes of petting.  This may explain the emotional connection between humans and dogs.

Even just staring into a dog’s eyes can trigger the release of oxytocin in the brain and increase levels.

Massage – Research has shown that a massage can appreciably boost oxytocin levels and reduce stress hormones.

Music – Music carries a host of benefits.  It brings joy, energy, and relaxation.  Music is in fact healing and can have a calming effect on the brain by increasing oxytocin levels. This holds true of any kind of music as long as it’s the kind that an individual enjoys.

Yoga – Yoga is a well-known “mind-body” leisure method that increases the activity of the parasympathetic nervous system.

Researchers further believe that it works because it increases oxytocin levels in the brain by stimulating the vagus nerve.

Socialization – Socializing can reduce cortisol (the stress hormone) and stimulate the vagus nerve. But additionally, positive social interactions can also increase oxytocin levels.

Researchers have found that the brain releases more oxytocin during social contact and social bonding, and can actually speed up the healing from disease.

You just can’t beat that human communication factor.


If additionally you wish to use supplements to make sure you’re getting what you need to maintain your oxytocin at optimum levels, The Vitamin Shoppe is an excellent on-line source for your supplemental needs.

Please leave any comment, question, or concern below

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Serotonin: The Facts

Serotonin is a hormone that belongs to a family of hormones known as “happy hormones.” This is because among a host of other functions, it has an influence on mood and sense of well-being. Come along as we look at Serotonin: The Facts.

What is Serotonin?

Serotonin is a neurotransmitter which carries signals between nerve cells throughout the body. It is also functions as a (hormone). For more information on hormones, read the article: The Importance of Hormones on this website.

Brain-derived serotonin (BDS) acts as a neurotransmitter, while gut-derived serotonin (GDS) acts as a hormone and regulates a wide range of functions.

What does Serotonin Do?

Mood – Serotonin’s effects in the brain are its most popular function because it helps regulate one’s mood. This is why serotonin is often called the body’s natural “feel-good” chemical. Serotonin’s effect on mood makes it one of numerous brain chemicals that are fundamental to our overall sense of well-being.

Serotonin’s effect on mood is also why it’s often a target of medications that are used to treat depression, anxiety, and other mood disorders.Serotonin: The Facts

For example, serotonin plays a starring role in treatments with the class of antidepressants known as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs).

Digestion – Serotonin plays a role in normal bowel function and reduces the appetite as an individual eats to help them know when they’re full. Serotonin also plays a protective role in the gut.

For example, if someone were to eat something irritating or toxic, the gut would respond by producing more serotonin. The extra “dose” of the substance would remove the unwanted food along, expelling it from the body faster.

The response is also why increased levels of serotonin can make one nauseated and why drugs that target specific serotonin receptors can be used to alleviate nausea and vomiting.

Sleep – The precise nature of serotonin’s role in sleep has been disputed by researchers, but it’s believed to influence when, how much, and how well one sleeps. Serotonin does not regulate these tasks alone; other neurotransmitters like dopamine also play a key role. For more information on Dopamine, see the article: Facts about Dopamine on this website.

Another hormone named melatonin is also vital to the proper functioning of the sleep cycle. However, the body needs serotonin to make melatonin, so not having enough of serotonin (or having an excessive amount of it) can affect the pattern and quality of one’s sleep.

The brain has specific sections that control when someone falls asleep, regulate their sleep patterns, and wake them up. The areas of the brain that are responsible for regulating sleep additionally have serotonin receptors.

Also, note that the serotonin-melatonin relationship may additionally contribute to sleep disruptions such as insomnia that are common in individuals with depression.

Blood Clotting – When an individual has any kind of tissue damage, like a cut, the platelet cells in the blood release serotonin to help heal the wound. Increased serotonin levels cause the tiny arteries (known as arterioles) of the circulatory system to narrow. As they get smaller, blood flow slows.

This narrowing (known as vasoconstriction) and slowed blood flow are two crucial elements of blood clotting—a vital step in the process of wound healing.

Bone Density – Studies have shown that serotonin levels may influence bone density (the strength of the bones). Research also suggests that high circulating levels of serotonin in the gut might be associated with lower bone density and conditions such as osteoporosis.

Research suggests that a type of antidepressant that works on serotonin called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) is associated with decreased bone mineral density. Low bone density puts the body at a greater risk for fractures.

If you are worried about how taking an antidepressant could affect your bone density, do not refrain from taking your medication. Start by consulting with your doctor about other risk factors, such as having a family history of osteoporosis or smoking.

Sexual Function – In addition to altering one’s mood, serotonin can additionally influence the frequency and intensity of the sexual feelings one might you have.

Certain antidepressants that add to serotonin levels can have an effect on libido, as elevated serotonin levels have been associated with a decrease in sexual desire.

Serotonin’s influence on libido is also somewhat related to the neurotransmitter’s association to another chemical in the brain: dopamine. For instance, a 2017 study of women with hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD) revealed that symptoms of the condition were associated with increased serotonin activity and reduced dopamine activity.

Causes of Low Serotonin Levels

Depression and other mood illnesses that are linked to serotonin are multi-factorial, meaning there is more than one reason they happen. Therefore, having low serotonin levels is not, by itself, enough to cause depression. However, low levels can contribute to sleep, mood, digestive, and other issues.

There’s no single cause of low serotonin levels, but it typically occurs for one of two reasons: not having enough serotonin or inefficient use of the serotonin produced.

In the first scenario, an individual may have low levels of serotonin because their body isn’t producing enough to maintain normal levels. In this case, the body may not be able to produce enough serotonin because of factors such as nutritional and vitamin deficiencies.

For example, low levels of vitamin B6 and vitamin D have both been linked to decreased levels of serotonin. Also, Tryptophan, an essential amino acid involved in serotonin production, can only be obtained through diet.

The other reason one might have low serotonin is that while the body is producing serotonin, it is not using it effectively. This can happen if an individual doesn’t have enough serotonin receptors in their brain, or if the ones on hand don’t work well (for example, they break down and take in serotonin too rapidly).

Treating Serotonin Deficiency


Antidepressants are a common treatment for depression. Depression is known to be associated with chemical imbalances in the brain. Although serotonin’s role in depression is more complicated than an imbalance, it is thought to play a significant function.

The theory of how serotonin affects the brain and causes depression is the Facts About Endorphinsstarting point for many drugs used to treat clinical depression and other mood disorders.

One of the most popular types is selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs).

SSRIs are the most frequently prescribed antidepressants globally. These drugs are used to reduce the symptoms of moderate to severe depression by escalating the amount of serotonin in the brain.

When brain cells send signals to one another, they release neurotransmitters that include serotonin. Before they can send the next signal, the cells must reabsorb and recycle the hormones they released. This process is called reuptake. SSRIs make added serotonin obtainable within the brain by plugging the serotonin reuptake process.

Another group of serotonin-based medications for treating depression is understood as serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs). These drugs work similarly to SSRIs in that they block the reuptake of serotonin, but they also work on norepinephrine, another neurotransmitter that affects mood.

Two older groups of antidepressants also affect serotonin levels: tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) and monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs).

TCAs appear to block the reabsorption of serotonin and epinephrine, which effectively increases the amounts available in the brain.

MAOIs, conversely, block the effects of the monoamine oxidase enzyme, which breaks down serotonin, epinephrine, and dopamine. Preventing these neurotransmitters from being broken down effectively increases the amounts available in the brain.

Treating Serotonin Deficiency Naturally

In addition to prescription antidepressant medications, there are additionally natural ways to increase serotonin levels. Everything from the food individuals eat to how much sunlight they get can affect how much serotonin the body has, as well as how efficiently it can use it.

Diet – Numerous foods naturally have serotonin, but the body additionally needs supplementary nutrients, such as tryptophan, vitamin D, vitamin B6, and omega-3 fatty acids, to produce this serotonin.

Foods that are good sources of these key nutrients include:

  • Leafy greens (such as spinach, kale)
  • Bananas
  • Turkey
  • Nuts and seeds (such as walnuts, flaxseed)Beans (such as chickpeas, kidney, pinto, black beans)
  • Eggs
  • Oily, fatty fish (such as salmon, tuna, mackerel)
  • Probiotic/fermented foods (such as kefir, yogurt, tofu)

Eating a high-fiber diet that is heavy in fruits and vegetables will help keep an individual’s gut bacteria healthy. Having a good balance of friendly bacteria in the intestines has been linked to adequate serotonin levels (as the intestines make about 95% of your body’s supply of serotonin)

Exposure to light – Levels of serotonin may decrease and become low if we don’t get out in the sun regularly. Not getting enough exposure to sunlight is one theory behind the reasoning of why people encounter depression during the short, dark days of fall and winter (a mood disorder called seasonal affective disorder)

It’s best to try to spend 10 to 15 minutes outside in the sun each day. Sunlight also boosts vitamin D levels, which is needed for serotonin production.

If one resides in a place with little to no sunlight, they can also use light therapy to make sure they’re getting their daily dose of sunlight.

Exercise – Regular physical activity (particularly aerobic exercise) has been proven to boost serotonin levels. However, the advantages of normal-regular exercise go beyond your brain.

A workout can assist individuals control depression and other mood disorders by additionally promoting cardiovascular health, improving strength and endurance, and helping to sustain a healthy weight.

The Department of Health and Human Services President’s Council on Sports, Fitness, and Nutrition advises that adults obtain at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity cardio exercise each week plus two days of strength training.

Be sure to talk to your doctor before starting an exercise routine. Be sure to pick activities that you enjoy as you’ll be more likely to stick with it, and regularity is vital to getting all the benefits.

Massage – Massage therapy has been established to advance the release of serotonin and decrease the stress hormone cortisol, making it an interesting non-pharmaceutical addition to depression and anxiety treatment plans. One does not need a professional massage to harvest the benefits.

A commonly referenced study of pregnant women with depression published in the International Journal of Neuroscience
in 2004 reached the conclusion that a massage could be beneficial even when given by someone who isn’t a trained massage therapist. After contributors to the study had two (2) 20-minute massage sessions given by their partners, their serotonin levels increased by 28% and their dopamine levels by 31%.

Supplements – Research has shown that nutritional insufficiencies are widespread in individuals with low serotonin levels. In particularly, they frequently lack the crucial nutrients the body requires to make serotonin and other substances.

While you can improve your overall nutrition through your diet, certain supplements also can be helpful. Popular dietary supplements you might want consider include:

  • Pure tryptophan
  • 5-HTP
  • St. John’s wort
  • Probiotics
  • SAMe (S-adenosyl-L-methionine)

If you need an excellent on-line source for supplements, check out the Vitamin Shoppe by clicking here.

When your body doesn’t have enough serotonin, or if it isn’t using the serotonin you have efficiently, you might be more inclined to indicators of depression and other mood disorders. And while inadequate levels of serotonin can cause problems, having excessive levels of serotonin can also be a problem.

If you’re concerned about symptoms you’re experiencing, consult with your doctor. If your serotonin levels are a problem, you are not by yourself and there are many treatment options available from medications to lifestyle changes.

For questions, comments, or concerns, feel free to leave them below.

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Facts about Dopamine: A Happy Hormone

Dopamine pronounced doe·puh·meen is known as is the feel good hormone.  You’ll find out why as you read on and discover the facts about dopamine.

What is Dopamine?

Dopamine is a hormone produced in the brain and transmitted by the nervous system between nerve cells.  This is why hormones are called chemical messengers.  For more information on hormones, read the article: Facts about DopamineThe Importance of Hormones on this website.

Dopamine belongs to a group of hormones known as “happy hormones.” It is produced in the brain by means of a two-step process.  For starters, it changes the amino acid tyrosine to a substance called dopa, and from there on to dopamine.

What does Dopamine do?

Dopamine plays a crucial role in how individuals feel pleasure.  It is a huge part of our distinct human ability to plan and think.  It helps us strive, focus, and have an interest in things.

It also affects many parts of behavior and physical functions, such as:

  • Motivation
  • Learning
  • Heart rate
  • Blood vessel function
  • Kidney function
  • Lactation
  • Pain processing
  • Sleep
  • Movement
  • Mood
  • Attention
  • Control of vomiting and nausea

The Effects of Dopamine Deficiency

The foremost symptom of a dopamine deficiency is depression, the feeling of boredom (chronic boredom), lack of concern or interest, loss of satisfaction, chronic fatigue and low physical energy with no desire to put the body in motion.  There is a universal lack of drive, enthusiasm and motivation.

Other symptoms such as mood swings, food cravings and depression, poor attention levels, can also manifest.  Individuals who suffer from low dopamine level are more susceptible to form some kind of addiction.  Specifically, one dopamine receptor is linked to an individual’s “risk-taking” side.

Severe dopamine deficiency (i.e. Parkinson’s disease) is the source of a degenerative decline of a person’s motor skills.  Dopamine enables neurons Facts about Dopaminein the brain to communicate and control movement.  In Parkinson’s, one type of neuron steadily degenerates.  It doesn’t have a signal to send anymore; as a result the body makes less dopamine.  This chemical imbalance causes physical symptoms.  These include tremor, stiffness, and slowness of spontaneous movement, poor balance, and poor coordination.  Doctors treat these symptoms with medications that raise the levels of this chemical.  This consequence on the body’s movement and control can be permanent.

Rapid weight gain can occur.  Low levels of dopamine in the body tend to make an individual crave for harmful indulgences such as sodas, alcohol, sugary food and saturated fats.  These longings result in gaining weight rapidly.  This condition is further goaded by the individual’s lack of motivation to move and exercise, immobility and feeling of fatigue.  Additionally, studies have established that uncontrollable consumption of sugar, refined foods and saturated fats can sink dopamine levels and lessen activity in the brain.

Obesity can be a result.  Most of the time, if an individual takes in more calories than is burnt, they’ll gain weight.  So then obese people can merely eat less and slim down—right?  Of only the answer was that simple.  They may face issues that are uncommon for most.  They could have an issue with their natural reward systems.  This could be affecting the amount of food they eat before they feel satisfied.  Imaging studies propose that in individuals with this condition, the body may not release enough dopamine and another feel-good hormone, serotonin (to be covered in a future article).

Having difficulty waking up in the morning and oversleeping can be a sign.  When the body is deficient of certain nutrients like iron, magnesium or zinc, an individual can additionally suffer from a dopamine deficiency, resulting to oversleeping.  Additionally the problem of sleeping too much is the lack of motivation in individuals that have dopamine deficiency.

Having a low libido (Sex Drive).With low dopamine in the body, there is additionally a fading of pleasure.  In this case, the individual will have the incapacity to feel gratification and as a consequence, a dwindling of libido.  If a person is suspect of suffering from dopamine deficiency, they should consult their doctor.  Dopamine levels are simply checked with a simple blood or urine test.

Having to struggle to finish projects or tasks— procrastination.  An individual’s ability to focus and think can be affected even by somewhat low levels of dopamine.  The feeling of despondency due to an insufficient amount of this neurotransmitter to accurately normalize can interfere with the capability to pay attention, to think abstractly or to remember details.  Low dopamine levels affects a person’s capability to commence daily activities (especially exercise) and an inclination to put off doing things and responsibilities as well as a feeling that one is not able to cope with life.

Having restless leg syndrome—Various researches has indicated that restless leg syndrome may be due to an imbalance of dopamine in the brain since this hormone is responsible for transmitting and sending messages that control the muscle movement.  Dopamine deficient individuals can experience weakness of the entire body as well as muscle tremors and seizures.

Role in Mental Health

It’s hard to identify a single cause of most mental health disorders and challenges.  But they are frequently linked to surplus or insufficient amounts dopamine in various parts of the brain.  Examples include:

Schizophrenia—Earlier, researchers believed that symptoms derived from a hyperactive dopamine system.  Presently we know that some are due to too much of this chemical in specific areas of the brain.  This includes hallucinations and delusions.  A lack of it in other parts can cause different signs, such as lack of motivation and desire.

ADHD.  It is not known for certain what causes attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).  Some research shows it may be due to a shortage of dopamine.  This problem may be due to your genes.  The common ADHD drug methylphenidate (Ritalin) works by increasing dopamine.

Drug misuse and addiction.  Drugs like cocaine can cause an enormous, fast increase of dopamine in your brain.  That satisfies your natural reward system in a very big way.  But repeated drug use also raises the brink for this type of delight.  This means an individual needs to consume more to get the same effects.  In the interim, these drugs make the body less able to produce dopamine biologically.  This leads to emotional lows when the drug is no longer in the system; otherwise known as crashing.

What causes Dopamine Deficiency

Dopamine deficiency can occur because of drug use, poor nutrition, and lack

Facts about Dopamine

of sleep, stress and chronic use of antidepressants.

Treating Dopamine Deficiency

Treating dopamine imbalance first involves, determining the cause of it.  Dopamine levels may be lowered directly to a physical or mental condition.  Additionally, studies have shown that, as mentioned earlier, a diet high in sugar and saturated fat and low in protein can significantly affect dopamine levels in the brain.  Also, overweight individuals tend to have lower levels of dopamine.  If a patient is diagnosed with depression, he or she could also be prescribed a medicine which may boost dopamine levels.  Those affected by Parkinson’s disease are often prescribed specific drugs that are shown to be effective at increasing dopamine.

Boosting Dopamine

Individuals that have a high amount of dopamine in their systems are usually focused go-getters.  Regrettably, many of the things that folks do to boost their focus and energy end up backfiring.  There are numerous unhealthy ways to seek out a dopamine bump.  For example, anything addicting substance such as nicotine, caffeine, as well as sugar-laden, fat-filled treats that are all very effective at increasing dopamine levels and be Facts about Dopaminecapable of in turn, be the main cause of addictive behavior in our lives.

The fact is, these things that provide a quick boost end up disrupting the natural dopamine production process resulting in decreased dopamine production in the long-term.

However, there are some safe, healthy, natural ways to boost our dopamine levels:

Eat foods rich in Tyrosine (an amino acid).  In order to produce dopamine, the body needs tyrosine which can be found in almonds, bananas, avocados, eggs, beans, fish, and chicken.

Exercise regularly.  As a general rule, physical exercise is one of the best things one can do for their brain.  It increases the production of new brain cells, slows down brain cell aging, and can increase the levels of dopamine.  Exercise has also been linked with improved mood and overall a better outlook on life.

Meditate.  The overall health benefits of meditation have been demonstrated through hundreds of research studies.  Many of these have shown that meditation increases dopamine resulting in improved focus and concentration.

Massages help.  It has long been suggested that one way to keep dopamine levels high is to avoid stress, which is close to impossible in these days.  To offset the effects of stress, research has demonstrated that massage therapy boost dopamine levels by nearly 30% while diminishing cortisol (a stress hormone) levels.

Get enough sleep.  To ensure that our brain increases dopamine naturally, it’s best to make sure that we’re getting enough sleep.  This includes setting aside time before bed away from the computer or TV screen.  Sleep assists all the cells in the body to repair and renew themselves.  It gives the brain a chance to wash away toxins that build up during the day and helps keep the nerve cell connections and pathways active and constantly self-renewing.  Lack of sleep has been shown to reduce concentrations of neurotransmitters, including dopamine, and their receptors.  For more information on sleep, please read the article: The Importance of Sleep for Health on this website.

Music helps.  It is not surprising that taking in calming music can increase pleasurable feelings; perk up mood, decrease stress, and aid with focus and concentration.  Research
has established that much of this is accomplished due to an increase in dopamine levels.

Supplements can be valuable in supplementing our food with the valuable nutrients for the production of dopamine.  Amazon has a variety of supplements to choose from.  To take a peak, click here.  [Affiliate link]

Other Uses for Dopamine

This hormone most often plays a secondary function in the body, but in certain medical situations, it is clearly a lifesaver.  Doctors use prescription dopamine (aka: Inotropin) to treat the following conditions:

  • Some cases of septic shock
  • Low blood pressure
  • Poor blood flow to vital organs
  • Poor cardiac output (when the heart doesn’t pump out enough blood)

There are possible complications with any drug, even when taken under close supervision.  The main ones associated with dopamine include:

  • Headache
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Faster heart rate
  • Chest pain
  • Trouble breathing
  • Nausea and vomiting

Because many drugs interact with it, it’s crucial that an individual’s doctor knows all the medications being used.

Questions, comments and concerns are more than welcomed below.

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Facts about Endorphins: The Happy Hormone

Endorphins: ever heard of them? When you read this article, you will know the facts about endorphins and the effect they have on our lives.

What are Endorphins

So for starters, what are endorphins? Endorphins are hormones in humans and other animals. Endorphins are formed and accumulated in the pituitary gland. For more information on hormones, read the article: The Importance of Hormones on this website.

Facts about endorphines

One of the important functions of hormones is to regulate our moods. Endorphins belong to a group of hormones known as “happy hormones.” These hormones are known to help promote positive feelings; including happiness and pleasure. In addition to endorphins, the other hormones that belong to this group are: dopamine, serotonin, and oxytocin. These will be covered separately in subsequent articles. But note that they all work together to form our overall mood function.

For example: you may have heard of a high feeling after exercise therefore you may already know about the link between exercise and the release of endorphins. However, exercise doesn’t work only on endorphins. Recurrent physical activity can also increase both dopamine and serotonin
levels, making it a great option to boost one’s happy hormones. So, exercise can make one very happy!

What is the Function of Endorphins

Endorphins have several physiological functions. They are peptides which activate the body’s opiate receptors, causing a pain-relieving effect. The word endorphin comes from putting together a combination of the words Facts about endorphinesendogenous, meaning from inside the body, and morphine, which is an opiate pain reliever. In other words, endorphins are natural pain relievers.

Since endorphins take action on the opiate receptors in our brains, they reduce pain and boost pleasure that result in a feeling of well-being. Endorphins are freed in reaction to pain or stress, but they’re also during other activities, such as eating, exercise, or sex. Is there any wonder why there is a massive opioid addiction?

All of the roles endorphins play in the body are not totally understood. It is known that endorphins are crucial to reduce pain and increase pleasure.

Endorphins are involved in our natural reward circuits and are related to important activities like the ones I listed above. Endorphins also surge during pregnancy. They minimize discomfort and pain and maximize pleasure. This helps individuals to continue functioning despite injury or stress. Since we humans naturally seek to feel pleasure and avoid pain, we’re more likely to engage in an activity that makes us feel good.

The Health Benefits of Endorphins

Because endorphins promote an overall sense of well-being they have many benefits, which include:

Easing depression – Studies have shown that nearly one in five people will experience depression at some point during their lifetimes. Studies have also shown indications that exercise have a positive effect on depression due to an increased release of endorphins following exercise.

Many studies have looked at exercise in reducing the symptoms of depression, and the majority of these studies have shown a positive benefit associated with exercise. More research is required to further understand Benefits of Endorphinesthe role that endorphins have in treating depression.

Reduces stress and anxiety – Endorphins may play a significant role in reducing stress and anxiety. A study in mice showed a complete link between endorphin levels and anxious behavior in mice. However, further research studies in humans are needed.

Enhance self-esteem – Positive feelings also make individuals feel confident and affirmative, consequently giving self-esteem a lift. In one small study, endorphins were linked with high self-esteem in a small group of men. However, much larger studies are required.

Reduces weight – The role of endorphins and other hormones in controlling appetite and food intake is complicated. While eating good food is thought to increase endorphin levels, higher levels of endorphins have also been shown in studies involving animals to help regulate the appetite. More research in humans is also needed to shed light on these effects.

Aid with pain during childbirth –Childbirth can be a rewarding, but extremely painful experience. Endorphins are capable of making labor a tad easier. A study in 45 healthy women giving birth found that low levels of beta-endorphin at the end of pregnancy were associated with a need for additional pain treatment medications during labor. Additional research is needed to establish the exact cause and effect.

The Effects of Low Endorphins

When endorphin levels are deficient, an individual’s health may be negatively impacted. The research into the connection between endorphins and health conditions is continuing.

Some studies have shown a potential link between the following health problems and low endorphin levels:The Facts about Endorphines

Depression – Without enough endorphins, an individual may be more likely to have depression. An article in the American Journal of Psychiatry discusses the long-standing use of opioid treatments for depression, particularly in cases where other treatments have not worked.

Another article suggests that higher endorphin levels have an impact on depression symptoms due to their association with reward.

Fibromyalgia – Fibromyalgia is a condition that causes persistent muscle pain and tenderness. It is believed that it amplifies painful sensations by affecting the way the brain processes pain signals.

Common symptoms of fibromyalgia include:

  • long-term pain throughout the body
  • tender spots that hurt when they are touched
  • muscle stiffness
  • fatigue and low energy
  • sleep problems

Individuals with fibromyalgia may have less than normal endorphin levels. One study found that folks with fibromyalgia had lower levels of endorphins than those without the condition. They measured endorphins both before and after exercise.

Another study found that increases in the body’s endorphins were associated with pain relief in people with fibromyalgia.

Individuals with fibromyalgia may be recommended to do certain activities to boost endorphins, such as exercise, connecting with others, and stress-relieving activities, such as yoga. They may additionally be prescribed medications to help with symptoms.

Chronic headaches – One possible cause of ongoing headaches is abnormal endorphin levels. Some research proposes that the same endorphin difference that plays a role to depression also exists in people who have chronic headaches.

How to Boost Endorphins


While exercise releases endorphins, an individual doesn’t have to run a total extended race to experience the pleasurable effects of an endorphin release. Our bodies will also produce endorphins naturally when individuals participate in the following:

  • Engage in sex
  • consume dark chocolate (in moderation)
  • exercise (of any form of will do, but exercising in a group is even more rewarding)
  • take in a sauna
  • get a massage
  • meditation
  • create music or art
  • have a good laugh
  • dance
  • enjoy a glass of wine
  • get acupuncture
  • enjoy a favorite dish
  • eat something spicy
  • try some aromatherapy
  • watch a favorite TV drama
  • volunteer for a cause that brings enjoyment

Select foods may also have an influence on hormone quantities:

  • spicy foods, can may generate endorphin delivery
  • yogurt, beans, eggs, meats with low-fat content, and almonds to name a The Facts about Endorphinesfew foods linked to dopamine release
  • foods high in tryptophan, which have been linked to increased serotonin levels. These include: Foods known to be high in tryptophan include: chicken, eggs, cheese, fish, peanuts, pumpkin and sesame seeds, milk, turkey, tofu and soy, and chocolate.
  • foods containing probiotics, such as yogurt, kimchi, and sauerkraut, which can influence the release of hormones.


There are several supplements that may help increase endorphin levels. Here are just a few to consider:

Tyrosine – Tyrosine is an amino acid that the body produces from phenylalanine. Supplementing with it is believed to increase important

About Endorphins - Supplements
Green tea is rich in endorphins

brain chemicals such as endorphins, which affect one’s mood and stress response.

Green Tea – Although green tea contains less caffeine than coffee, it is enough to produce an effect. It also contains the amino acid L-theanine, which can work synergistically with caffeine to improve brain function including endorphin production.

Probiotics – Probiotics which are generally beneficial bacteria provide allFacts About Endorphins sorts of powerful benefits for the body and brain. They can are more commonly known to improve digestive health, but they also promote heart health and reduce depression by aiding in the production of endorphins

Tryptophan – Tryptophan is an essential amino acid that serves several important purposes, such as nitrogen stability in adults and growth development in infants. It also creates niacin that is essential in producing the neurotransmitter serotonin. Serotonin in the brain is believed to control anxiety, happiness, and mood by increasing endorphin levels. Low levels of the serotonin have been associated with depression, and increased serotonin levels brought on by medication are thought to decrease arousal.

Note that in order for tryptophan to be transformed into niacin, the body needs to have enough iron, vitamin B-6, and vitamin B-2.

Professionals studying the results of supplements have found mixed results. Also, note that many studies involved animals only, therefore more research is required to help support the benefits of supplements for humans.

While supplements can be helpful, some aren’t optional for individuals with certain health conditions. They can also interact with certain medications; therefore it is highly advisable to consult with a healthcare provider before trying them.

If you do decide to take any supplements, be sure to read all package instructions and stick to the suggested dose, in view of the fact that some can have negative effects at high doses.

Where to buy Endorphin Supplements

Amazon has a great selection of endorphin supplements. For a peek you can click here.




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The Facts About CBD Oil

Marijuana has become more popular in recent years because of its medical The Facts About CBD Oilbenefits. Commonly known for its recreational qualities (getting high), marijuana is evolving as a major medical beneficial product as well. This is because of a component in the marijuana plant known as Cannabidiol (CBD). It is known as CBD oil. Therefore, contained in this article are the facts about CBD oil.

What is CBD Oil

CBD oil is derived from the cannabis plant. Cannabis is the name of a group of plants with psychoactive properties. This group consists of three plants known as Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, and Cannabis ruderalis. When the flowers of these plants are harvested and dried, the result is marijuana.

Cannabis is generally used for its relaxing and calming results. In some U.S. states, it is additionally prescribed to help with a range of medical conditions.

CBD oil is an oil that contains Cannabidiol. CBD is extracted from the cannabis plant and typically usually combined with a base oil (often olive, The Facts About CBD Oilcoconut or MCT).

Cannabis is made up of more than 120 elements or compounds, which are known as cannabinoids. Experts still aren’t certain what every cannabinoid does, but they have a fairly good understanding of two of them, known as cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is another active compound and therefore the most well-known due to its psychoactive properties. This is the one that gets an individual “high.”

CBD is nonpsychoactive but features a number of equivalent medical benefits as THC. This allows an individual to take advantage of the therapeutic benefits without leaving them with the “high” feeling that often accompanies THC use.

How is CBD Oil Produced

CBD oil is removed from the leaves, flowers and stalks of the cannabis plant by the use of solvent or heat extraction methods. There are two primary methods of extraction.

The first technique, solvent extraction, uses solvents to separate the components from the plant. On the top quality end, CO2 (Carbon dioxide) is the employed solvent. On the low quality end, harsh chemicals (i.e. ethanol, butane, kerosene, etc) are used as the solvent. In the second method, steam is employed to extract the oil in a very gentle and effective way.

The extraction method directly impacts the value of the oil you obtain. When creating premium oil, it is essential to extract CBD, and other plant compounds, without causing any damage during the process. If the cannabinoids are destroyed or damaged, the product will have less effectiveness and will have need of added flavors to improve the taste.

The Benefits of CBD Oil

There’s some debate around cannabis products such as CBD oil because of recreational marijuana use. But there is an increasing awareness about the possible health benefits of CBD oil. Below are potential medical uses of CBD and the status of the research:

CBD may be able to help manage anxiety. Anxiety is the body’s natural response to stress. It is a feeling of fear or apprehension about what is ahead. Examples would be the first day of school, giving a speech or going to a job interview, may cause most individuals to feel fearful and nervous.

However, if one’s feelings of anxiety are extreme and last for longer than six months, and are interfering with their lives, that may be an anxiety disorder.

Research indicates that CBD may change the way the brain’s receptors respond to serotonin, a chemical linked to mental health. Receptors are tiny proteins attached to your cells that receive chemical messages and help our cells react to different stimuli.

A study found that a 600mg dose of CBD helped individuals with social anxiety give a speech. Other previous studies conducted with animals have The Facts About CBD Oilshown that CBD may help relieve anxiety by:

  • reducing stress
  • lessening physiological consequences of anxiety, such as an amplified heart rate
  • improving symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
  • inducing sleep in cases of insomnia

CBD has been in the news as an anti-seizure agent and a possible treatment for epilepsy. Research is in its early stages. Researchers are testing how much CBD is able to reduce the number of seizures in individuals with epilepsy, in addition to how safe it is. The American Epilepsy Society asserts that cannabidiol research presents hope for seizure disorders that are currently being performed to raise better understanding of safe use.

A study conducted in 2016 worked with 214 individuals with epilepsy. The study’s contributors added doses taken orally of 2 to 5mg of CBD per day to their existing anti-epilepsy medications. The researchers monitored the contributors for 12 weeks, recording any negative side effects and also checking on the occurrence of their seizures. Overall, the contributors had 36.5 percent fewer seizures per month. On the other hand, severe adverse effects were recorded in 12 percent of the participants.

CBD oil may be a neuroprotective. Researchers are watching a receptor located within the brain to find out about the ways that CBD could help people with neurodegenerative disorders, which are diseases that cause the brain and nerves to deteriorate over time. This receptor is known as CB1.

Researchers are studying the utilization of CBD oil for treating:

  • Stroke
  • Multiple sclerosis (MS)
  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Parkinson’s disease

CBD oil may also decrease the inflammation that can make neurodegenerative symptoms worse. More research is required to completely understand the outcome of CBD oil for neurodegenerative diseases.

CBD oil may offer pain relief. The effects of CBD oil on the brain’s receptors may also help an individual manage pain. Studies have shown that cannabis can offer some relief benefits when taken after chemo treatments. Other pre-clinical studies sponsored by the National Institutes of Health are also watching the role of cannabis in relieving pain caused by:

  • MS pain
  • arthritis
  • muscle pain
  • spinal cord injuries
  • chronic pain

A multiple sclerosis drug Nabiximols (Sativex), made up of a mixture of TCH and CBD has been accepted within the United Kingdom and Canada to treat MS pain. On the other hand, researchers think the CBD in the drug may be aiding more with its anti-inflammatory resources than by fighting against the pain. Clinical trials of CBD are essential to establish whether or The Facts About CBD Oilnot it should be used for pain management.

CBD Oil can act as anti-acne agent. The effects of CBD on receptors in the immune system may help diminish inflammation generally in the body. Consequently, CBD oil may offer benefits for acne management. A human study published in the Journal of Clinical Investigation determined that the oil ceased activity in sebaceous glands. These glands are responsible for generating sebum, a natural oily substance that hydrates the skin. Excessive sebum, however, can lead to acne.

CBD oil can aid in Cancer treatment. Some studies have investigated the role of CBD in preventing neoplastic (cancerous) cell growth. However, research is still in its early stages. The National Cancer Institute (NCI) says that CBD may help lessen cancer indicators or symptoms and cancer treatment side effects. However, the NCI does not fully give their support to any form of cannabis as a cancer treatment. The action of CBD that’s promising for cancer treatment is its ability to mitigate inflammation and change how cells reproduce. CBD has the effect of restricting the ability of some types of tumor cells to reproduce.

CBD Oil Side Effects

CBD oil usually doesn’t have any main risks for consumers. However, side effects are a possibility.

These consist of:

  • dizziness
  • hallucinations
  • depression
  • low blood pressure
  • Diarrhea
  • Changes in appetite and weight
  • Fatigue
  • withdrawal symptoms, such as irritability and insomnia

More human studies are considered necessary to fully understand the range of risks and side effects that CBD oil may cause. Studies of CBD oil aren’t frequent. This is partially because Schedule 1 substances like cannabis are highly regulated, causing some hindrances for researchers. With more marijuana products becoming legal, more research is likely, and additional answers will come.

CBD is also known to intermingle with several medications. Therefore, before an individual begins using CBD oil, it is advisable to consult with their doctor to ensure their safety and avoid potentially harmful interactions.

This is especially important for an individual who takes medications or supplements that contain a “grapefruit warning.” Both grapefruit and CBD interfere with cytochromes P450 (CYPs), a cluster of enzymes that are important to drug metabolism.

A study performed on mice indicated that cannabis extracts that are rich in CBD have the potential to produce liver toxicity. However, it is important to note that some of the mice in the study were force-fed particularly large doses of the extract.

In Summary

CBD oil has been studied for its prospective part in easing symptoms of many common health issues, including anxiety, depression, acne and heart disease.

For those with cancer, it may even provide a natural option for pain and The Facts About CBD Oilsymptom relief.

Research on the possible health benefits of CBD oil is continuing, so the likelihood of new therapeutic uses for this natural remedy are sure to be discovered.

Although there is much to be learned about the effectiveness and safety of CBD, the outcome from recent studies propose that CBD may make available a safe, powerful natural treatment for many health issues.

If you would like to try CBD, you’ll be able to purchase many products online, including gummies, oils, and lotions.

Is CBD Oil Legal

CBD oil is in a legal gray area. Whether or not CBD oil is legal or not depends on your location. Therefore, it is best to check with a source from your local authority.

All questions, comments, and concerns are welcomed below.

Good Health!!

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Facts About Cooking Oil

Cooking oil is a staple for cooking. However, all cooking oils are not the Facts About Cooking Oilsame. Some are more or less healthy than others. This to a great deal depends on how the oil is being used. The purpose of this article is to shed light on the facts about cooking oil.

What is Cooking Oil

Cooking oil is in a word: fat. It is animal, plant, or synthetic fat used in baking, frying, and other kinds of cooking. It is additionally used in food preparation and flavorings that doesn’t involve heat, such as salad dressings and bread dippings like bread dips, and may be called suitable for eating oil.

Cooking oil is usually a liquid at room temperature, though some oils which contain saturated fat, such as coconut oil, palm oil and palm kernel oil are solid.

Types of Cooking Oil

There is a broad assortment of cooking oils from plant sources like olive oil, soybean oil, palm oil, canola oil (rapeseed oil), corn oil, peanut oil and other vegetable oils, as well as animal- sourced oils like butter and lard.Facts About Cooking Oil

The Benefits of Cooking Oil

First, and largely significantly, the cooking oil conducts heat from the hot pan to the food being cooked. The oil significantly intensifies the surface of the food to come in contact with heat evenly, instead of having only parts of the food come in direct in contact with the pan.

Additionally, the oil more or less prevents food from sticking to the pan or pot.

Moreover, the oil or any type of fat for that matter, is an important flavor enhancer. It results in better tasting food because it brings out the flavor.

Oil facilitates texture, which is how we get the fried crust on the outer surface of fried foods.

Which Cooking Oil is the Best

There are plenty of options when it comes to choosing which type of oil to use. A few, like olive oil, are well-known, and others, such as avocado or coconut oil, are less familiar.

Which oil is right? That depends mainly on the type of cooking involved. An oil’s smoke point, which is the point when oil begins to burn and smoke, is one of the most important things to consider. If oil is heated past its smoke point, it not only spoils the flavor, but many of the nutrients in the oil decompose causing the oil to release harmful compounds called free radicals. For more information on free radicals, read the article: What are Free Radicals and why are They Bad.

If one is wondering which is the best cooking oil for their health; and which oils are not healthy—there’s some disagreement. So let’s take a look at some choices.

Olive Oil – Experts in both the cooking and nutrition fields concur that one of the most versatile and healthy oils to cook with and eat is olive oil, provided it’s extra virgin. It’s always best to use an oil that is not refined and overly processed, The “extra virgin” label signifies that the olive oil is not refined, and therefore of high quality. Extra virgin olive oil contains a considerable amount of monounsaturated fats and some polyunsaturated fatty acids; studies
have linked it to better heart health. Olive oil features a relatively lower smoke point compared to other oils, so it’s best for low and medium-heat cooking. It’s additionally one of the healthiest oils to use when baking.

Coconut Oil – As a general consensus, coconut oil should either be avoided or incorporated in moderation. The main point of conflict is its high concentration of saturated fat; contrasting other plant-based oils, coconut oil is principally a saturated fat. However, not everyone concur that such a strong source of saturated fat is a no-no for health, but some experts, including the American Heart Association, contend that replacing foods that are excessive in saturated fat with more healthy options is able to lower blood cholesterol levels and achieve better lipid profiles. Still, science is beginning to advocate that not all saturated fats are bad for you.

Overall, there’s a lot of tout about coconut products that overall aren’t backed by sound science. That’s not to say coconut oil is going to cause an individual to become ill, just don’t go overboard. Our bodies do require a little saturated fat. But the industry has done a good job to make it seem like it is a super food. However, the research just isn’t there.

But that doesn’t mean it should be excluded from the pantry. Saturated fats Facts About Cooking Oilcan be a healthier oil to use when you’re cooking at a very high temperature or frying food (although that is something that definitely should be done in restraint), because they are more stable at high heat. This is to say that they are less likely to break down and smoke.

Vegetable Oil – Vegetable oil is the term used to refer to any oil that derives from plant sources, and the health value of a vegetable oil depends on its source and what it’s used for. Most vegetable oils on the market are blended with a mix of canola, corn, soybean, safflower, palm and sunflower oils. It is generally more beneficial to use olive oil instead of a corn or soybean oil.

Fact is, vegetable oils are refined and processed, which means they not only lack flavor, but they also lack nutrients. Vegetable oils are guaranteed to be highly processed. They are called vegetable so that the manufacturers can substitute whatever commodity oil they want, such as: canola, soy, corn, cottonseed without having to produce a new label. Processed oils have been pushed way past their heat tolerance and have become rancid in the process.

Canola Oil – Canola oil is resultant from rapeseed, a flowering plant, and contains a decent amount of monounsaturated fats and a suitable amount of polyunsaturated fats. Of all the vegetable oils, canola oil tends to have the least amount of saturated fats. It has a high smoke point, therefore it can be beneficial for high-heat cooking. However, in the US, canola oil have a tendency to be highly processed, meaning fewer nutrients by and large. Cold-pressed or unprocessed canola oil is available, but it can be hard to find.

Avocado Oil – Avocado oil is an excellent choice. It is unrefined like extra virgin olive oil, but it has a higher smoking point, therefore it can be used to cook at higher heat and is great for stir-frys. It doesn’t have much in the way of flavor, but that makes it a good option for cooking. Avocado oil contains both monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids (it has one of the highest monounsaturated fat concentrations among cooking oils) as well as vitamin E. The only downside is that it is likely to be more expensive.

Sunflower Oil – Sunflower oil is high in vitamin E; one tablespoon contains 28% of a person’s daily recommended intake of the nutrient. It has a high smoke point and it doesn’t have a strong flavor, which means it won’t overpower the flavor of a dish. However, it contains a large amount of omega-6 fatty acids. Even though the body needs them, omega-6s are thought to be pro-inflammatory, while omega-3s are anti-inflammatory. Therefore, consuming too many omega-6s without balancing them with omega 3s, can lead to excess of inflammation in the body, so limitation is key.

Peanut Oil – Nut oils, such as peanut, can be enjoyable to test with in the kitchen, mainly since there are so many variations of types. Peanut oil has one of the highest content of monounsaturated fat among the cooking oils. It’s generally flavorful with a nutty taste and smell, and cooks favorably at high heat.

Walnut Oil – This oil has a low smoke point, therefore it isn’t good for cooking, but it can be used in a bounty of other ways. For example over pancakes, freshly cut fruit and ice cream. It can also be added to frothed milk for coffee drinks. Walnut oil has a good ratio of omega-6 to omega-3 fatty acids, which helps keep inflammation under control.

Flaxseed Oil – Flaxseed oil is high in omega 3s and has a very low smoke point, consequently it also shouldn’t be used for cooking. However, it can be used for dressing. But it must be stored at a low-temperature location, like in a refrigerator.

Sesame Oil – Sesame oil is often used for its potent flavor; a little goes a long way. It has both monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids, although it is not especially high in concentration with other nutrients. But It has a higher smoke point so it can be used for high-heat recipes.

So as you can see, there is a variety of oils for a variety of uses and benefits. So be sure to choose wisely to get the best flavor, texture and health advantages. Cooking oil can make or break our recipes and bodies alike. Remember, moderation in all things is key.

All questions, comments and concerns are welcomed below.

Good Health!!




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Facts About the Kidneys

I recently wrote an article on the urinary system.  In that article I mentioned the kidneys as one of the organs involved in that system.  This article focuses exclusively on the kidneys and entails specific information and facts about the kidneys.

What are the kidneys

The kidneys are organs of the renal system.  They are two (2) bean-shaped organs that play a major role in this system.  They are located on either side of your spine, below the ribs and behind the abdomen.  Each kidney is about four to five inches long, which is roughly the dimensions of a hefty fist.

What Do the Kidneys Do

The kidneys assist the body pass waste as urine.  They also help filter blood before returning it back to the heart.  The kidneys perform many critical Facts about the kidneys - what do the kidneys dofunctions, including: regulating and filtering minerals from blood, maintaining overall fluid balance, generate hormones that help produce red blood cells, filtering waste materials from food, medications, and toxic substances, promote bone health, and regulate blood pressure.  All of the blood of the body passes through them a number of times a day.

How Do the Kidneys Function

Blood flows into the kidney, waste gets removed, and salt, water, and minerals are adjusted, if needed. This filtered blood returns back into the body.  The waste gets turned into urine that collects in the kidney’s pelvis which is a funnel-shaped structure that drains down a tube called the ureter a tube of muscle that pushes urine into the bladder.

Each kidney has around a million (1,000,000) tiny filters called nephrons. Nephrons are the most important part of the kidneys. They absorb blood, metabolize nutrients, and help pass out waste products from filtered blood.  Each kidney has about 1 million nephrons and each has its own internal set of structures.

After blood enters a nephron, it goes into the Malpighian body, also called a renal corpuscle. The renal corpuscle contains two additional structures:

  • The glomerulus. This is a collection of capillaries that take in protein from blood traveling through the renal corpuscle.
  • The Bowman capsule.  The residual fluid, called capsular urine, proceeds through the Bowman capsule into the renal tubules.

The renal tubules are a sequence of tubes that begin after the Bowman capsule and end at collecting ducts.

Each tubule has several parts:

  • Proximal convoluted tubule. This section takes up water, sodium, and glucose and places them back into the blood.
  • Loop of Henle. This section further takes up potassium, chloride, and sodium and places them into the blood.
  • Distal convoluted tubule. This section takes in more sodium into the blood and takes in potassium and acid.

By the time fluid reaches the tip of the tubule, it’s diluted and crammed with urea. Urea is byproduct of protein metabolism that is released in urine.

Disorders of the Kidneys

As you can see, the kidneys perform a major in the overall function of the body.  The body simply becomes overloaded with toxins if the kidneys can’t do their regular job. Because of all of the crucial functions the kidneys execute and the toxins they meet, the kidneys are subject to various problems.

Some of these conditions are:

Chronic renal disorder  – is the progressive and irreversible destruction of the kidneys.

The most common causes of chronic renal disorder are high blood pressure and diabetes.

As mentioned earlier each kidney contains about 1 million tiny filtering units, called nephrons. Any disease that injures or scars the nephrons is capable of causing kidney disease. Both diabetes and high blood pressure (hypertension) can damage the nephrons.

High blood pressure can also damage the blood vessels of the kidneys, heart, and brain. The kidneys are highly  vascularized, meaning they contain a lot of blood vessels. So, blood vessel diseases in general are dangerous to the kidneys.

Autoimmune diseases such as lupus can damage blood vessels and can Facts About the Kidneysmake antibodies against kidney tissue.

There are various other causes of CKD.  For example, renal disorder may be an explanation of CKD. Glomerulonephritis can be due to lupus. It can also appear after a streptococcal infection.

The risk of CKD increases for individuals older than age 65.  The condition is also hereditary.  It is more likely to occur in African-Americans, Native Americans, and Asian-Americans. Other risk factors for CKD include:

  • obesity
  • cigarette smoking
  • high cholesterol
  • kidney stones
  • diabetes (types 1 and 2)
  • atherosclerosis
  • cirrhosis and liver failure
  • narrowing of the artery that supplies your kidney
  • obstructive kidney disease, including bladder obstruction caused by benign prostatic autoimmune disease
  • hyperplasia
  • kidney cancer
  • bladder cancer
  • kidney infection
  • systemic lupus erythematosus
  • scleroderma
  • vasculitis
  • vesicoureteral reflux, which occurs when urine flows back into the kidney

Kidney stones –  Also known as renal calculi, are solid masses made of crystals. They usually originate in the kidneys. However, they can develop anywhere along the urinary tract, which consists of:

  • kidneysFacts About the Kidneys
  • ureters
  • bladder
  • urethra

Kidney stones are one of the most painful of medical conditions. The causes of kidney stones differ according to the type of stone.  Not all kidney stones are made up of the identical crystals. The different types of kidney stones include:

Calcium – These are the most common. They are often made from calcium oxalate (though they will contain calcium phosphate or maleate). Eating fewer oxalate-rich foods can reduce the risk of developing this type of stone. High-oxalate foods include:

  • spinach
  • peanuts
  • chocolate
  • beets
  • potato chips

However it is important to note that, even though some kidney stones are made of calcium, getting enough calcium in your diet can prevent stones from forming.

Uric acid – This type of kidney stone is more widespread in men than in women. They can arise in people with gout or those going through chemotherapy.

This form of stone develops when urine is just too acidic. A diet heavy in purines can raise urine’s acidic level.  Purine a colorless substance found in animal proteins, like fish, shellfish, and meats is the culprit.

Struvite – This particular type of stone is found mostly in women with urinary tract infections (UTIs). These stones are often large and cause urinary obstruction. They are a consequence from a kidney infection.  The treating of an underlying infection can prevent the progression of struvite stones.

Cystine – Cystine stones are rare. They occur in both males and females who have the genetic disease cystinuria. With this type of stone, cystine — an amino acid that materializes naturally in the body, leaks from the kidneys into the urine instead of remaining in the bloodstream.

The greatest risk factor for kidney stones is making under 1 liter of urine per day.  Kidney stones are most presumably to occur in people between the ages of 20 and 50.

Different factors can increase the risk of developing a stone. In the US, Caucasian people are more likely to be inflicted with kidney stones than African American people.

Sex additionally plays a role. More men than women develop kidney stones, consistent with the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK).

A history of kidney stones can increase the risk. So does a family history of kidney stones.

Other risk factors include:

  • dehydration
  • hyperparathyroid condition
  • obesity
  • gastric bypass surgery
  • a steady diet with excessive levels of protein, salt, or glucose
  • inflammatory bowel diseases that increase calcium absorption
  • consuming medications like triamterene diuretics, antiseizure drugs, and calcium-based antacids

Symptoms of kidney stones may not occur until the stone begins to maneuver down the ureters. Kidney stones are known to cause severe pain. This severe pain is called renal colic. There may be pain on one side of the back or abdomen.  In men, the pain may expand to the groin area. The pain of this condition comes and goes, but is intense.  Individuals with renal colic tend to be restless.

Other symptoms of kidney stones can include:

  • vomiting
  • nausea
  • discolored or foul-smelling urine
  • blood in the urine (red, pink, or brown urine)
  • fever
  • chills
  • urinating small amounts of urine
  • frequent need to urinate

Other kidney conditions include:

Symptoms of a Kidney Disorder

Kidney disorders can cause a range of symptoms. Some general ones include:

  • back pain
  • vomitingFacts About the Kidneys - Symptoms of Kidney Disease
  • trouble sleeping
  • fatigue
  • inability to concentrate
  • increased or decreased urination
  • dry, itchy skin
  • blood in urine
  • constant foamy urine
  • foot or ankle swelling
  • puffiness around the eyes
  • reduced appetite
  • muscle cramps

An individual that experiences any of the above symptoms  should contact their physician. Depending on the symptoms, he or she may do some kidney function tests to make a diagnosis.

Maintaining Healthy Kidneys

The kidneys are crucial organs and they affect many other body parts, including the heart. If we follow these tips it will help to keep them working efficiently:

Exercise – High blood pressure (Hypertension) is a known risk factor for chronic renal disorder. Regular exercise, even for just 20 minutes each day, can help reduce hypertension.

The Importance of Water to the Body
The healthiest beverage on the planet!!

Stay hydrated – Drinking adequate amounts of water helps the kidneys

perform one of their most important functions: removing toxins.  Learn more about what proportion of water you ought to be drinking a day.

Use medications with caution – Regularly taking certain over-the-counter medications like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, can cause kidney damage over time. Occasionally taking them is all right, but work together with your doctor to seek out alternatives if you’ve got a condition that needs pain management, such as arthritis.

Other precautions:

  • Eat less red meat – Red meat contains a hefty amount of iron, which can be really good for overall health, however, eating too much of it can damage the kidneys over time. This may be due to the fact that red meat produces too much dietary acid.
  • Drink less soda – Soda contains copious amounts of sugar, artificial color, and sodium. It has very little nutritional value. Staying hydrated is crucial for kidney health, but it is better to get hydration from water rather than sugary sodas.

Drinking two or more sodas a day doubles the risk of kidney disease. Cola in addition contains phosphoric acid which has been confirmed to increase the risk of developing kidney disease. It is wise to limit soda intake to one can per week.

  • Eat less shellfish – Fish and shellfish are a good source of protein, but, a 2014 study in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology found that shellfish contain a toxic chemical called domoic acid. A condition:“Amnesic Shellfish Poisoning” can occur when too much shellfish is consumed, and this toxin can do irreparable harm to the kidneys. It’s the kidneys’ job to flush out toxins from your body, excessive amounts of this domoic acid passing through the kidneys, can simply overtax the system.
  • Consume less salt – Eating too much salt can considerably increase the risk Consult with your physicianof developing kidney disease. Consuming excessive salt changes the level of sodium in the blood which can cause the kidneys to struggle to flush out excess water.  It is wise to reduce salt intake, by eating fewer processed foods, cook at home more instead of eating out, and use herbs to add flavor to food to avoid relying too heavily on salt.  Processed foods also contain high amounts of potassium and phosphorus.
  • Limit energy drinks – Energy drinks contain lots of caffeine.  Excess caffeine yields high blood pressure and stress, both of which lead to kidney damage.  Another worry circles around the amino acid taurine. Frequently found in energy drinks and sports supplements, taurine tackles the kidneys head-on and is potentially dangerous to those with chronic kidney disorders.
  • Beware of painkillers – Taking too many pain relievers can lead to a decrease in kidney function.  According to a study in the New England Journal of Medicine, excessive use of pain relievers like Tylenol results in an outcome of 5,000 cases of kidney failure in the U.S. annually. These painkillers are most damaging to the kidneys when taken on an empty stomach. These painkillers should be consumed in moderation, and on a full stomach.
  • Limit alcohol intake – Alcohol is a toxin that your body eventually needs to filter out. Drinking too much can put a real strain on the kidneys. The National Kidney Foundation defines over-drinking as “more than four drinks daily.” One drink equals a single glass, 12-ounce bottle, or shot.  Not need to stop completely.  Actually, a 2007 study found that people who drink in moderation actually reduce their risk of developing kidney disease by 30%.
  • Don’t stop the flow – Holding urine is dangerous.  It may sound strange but holding in urine is a primary cause of kidney problems.  Urine contains bacteria, and the longer it stays in the body, the more bacteria it produces.  It is very unhealthy for all of that bacterium to travel back up to the kidneys.
  • Beware of butter – A recent health trend promotes replacing margarine with butter. In terms of the kidneys, this is not a good option. Butter contains saturated fats which, in high amounts, can damage the kidneys. According to the National Kidney Foundation, these fats raise LDL cholesterol (the “bad” kind) that harms the kidneys.  It’s okay in small amounts.  If margarine is used instead, it’s best that it be one with no Trans fat or “hydrogenated” fats.  Trans fats are worse than saturated fats in raising LDL cholesterol.
  • Watch the muscle building – Athletes who use steroids may gain muscle, but they’ll damage their kidneys. During a 2009 study, researchers found that nine out of ten bodybuilders resulted in kidney scarring from bodybuilding medications. When they ceased using these steroids, their kidneys healed over time.  The American Society of Nephrology advises against steroids. They can elevate cholesterol levels, lower protein in the blood, and cause swelling–all of which harm the kidneys. While steroids can be used for some kidney treatments, it is not advisable to take bodybuilding medications recreationally.

There are more but bottom line: everything can have an effect on the kidneys because everything passes through them by way of the blood making them vulnerable to damage.  Moderation is the key.  Too much of anything can affect the kidneys.  While there is so much in what we consume that is good for us, too much of a good thing is a bad thing.

Good balance is the key to life!

Any question comment or concern is welcomed below.

Good Health!!




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What About Leaky Gut Syndrome

Leaky Gut Syndrome, also known as increased intestinal permeability is a About Leaky Gut Syndromecondition that is not typically diagnosed individually, but could affect the health of many people. In this article: what about leaky gut syndrome, light is shed on this condition.

What is Leaky Gut Syndrome

Leaky gut syndrome is a digestive disorder that affects the lining of the small intestines. In this condition, gaps in the intestinal walls allow bacteria and other toxins to pass into the bloodstream.

What is the Cause of Leaky Gut Syndrome

The exact cause of leaky gut is somewhat of a mystery. However, it is well-known that increased intestinal permeability transpires alongside several chronic diseases, including celiac disease and type 1 diabetes.

The problem with this condition is it causes the pores in the small intestine What About Leaky Gut Syndrometo widen. When this occurs, the undigested food particles and toxins that are supposed to be blocked are allowed make their way into the bloodstream. Because these items are not normally allowed in the blood, they trigger the immune system to go into attack mode, which can often initiate allergies.

For example, if an individual has leaky gut syndrome and eats a piece of fruit. As it makes its way into the small intestine, bits of the undigested fruit that should remain in the small intestine will slip through the enlarged pores directly into the blood stream. Since these particles are not intended to be in the bloodstream, the immune system identifies them as dangerous invaders.

The problem is the immune system doesn’t just build up antibodies to the food particles; it attacks the healthy cells as well. This is one of the ways food allergies and autoimmune illnesses develop.

There are a few other varied ways leaky gut can develop. Case in point, if an individual is chronically constipated, overtime the toxins in their stool will irritate the lining of the intestines. This irritation leads to inflammation which will in turn cause the pores in the small intestine to expand. If the irritation and inflammation are allowed to continue for an extended period of time it can lead to irritable bowel syndrome, Crohn’s disease, or colitis.

With leaky gut syndrome, damaged cells in the intestines don’t produce the substances (enzymes) needed for proper digestion. As a result, the body cannot absorb essential nutrients, which can lead to hormone imbalances and a weakened immune system.

Zonulin is one of such substances produced in the intestines that regulate the tight junctions in the small intestines. It modulates the permeability of tight junctions between cells of the wall of the digestive tract.

Another common cause of leaky gut is an imbalance of the flora inside the gut. We all have good and bad bacteria in our digestive systems. When our gut flora is in balance the bad bacteria pose no threat. But when the bad bacteria outweigh the good quality, irritation and inflammation occur, again, causing the pores of the intestine to open up.

In scores of cases, leaky gut is caused by the diet. Certain foods that we consume every day, including gluten, soy and dairy, can be treated by the body as foreign invaders that had to be fought off. When these foods are consumed, the body goes to war, producing antibodies, which can trigger an immune response that includes diarrhea, headaches, fatigue and joint pain.

Leaky gut can additionally be commenced by medications including antibiotics, steroids or over-the-counter pain relievers like aspirin and acetaminophen, which can inflame the intestinal lining and damage protective mucus layers. This irritation can begin or continue the inflammation cycle that leads to intestinal permeability.

What are the Symptoms of Leaky Gut Syndrome

The following symptoms could be signs of leaky gut:

  • Excessive fatigueWhat About Leaky Gut Syndrome
  • Nutritional deficiencies
  • Chronic diarrhea, constipation, gas or bloating
  • Headaches, brain fog, memory loss
  • Depression, anxiety, ADD, ADHD
  • Poor immune system
  • Skin rashes and problems such as acne, eczema or rosacea
  • Cravings for sugar or carbs
  • Arthritis or joint pain
  • Autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, celiac disease or Crohn’s

How is Leaky Gut Syndrome Diagnosed

The standard test for leaky gut syndrome is called the mannitol and lactulose test. Both of these are water-soluble molecules that the body can’t use. Mannitol is easily absorbed by individuals with healthy intestinal linings. Lactulose on the other hand is a larger molecule and is only slightly absorbed. A patient drinks a solution containing both mannitol and lactulose. Urine is collected for six hours and the amount of these molecules present in the urine reflects how much was absorbed by the body. A healthy test shows high levels of the mannitol molecule and low levels of lactulose molecule. If high levels of both molecules are found, it points to a leaky gut event. If low levels of both molecules are found, it indicates general malabsorption of all nutrients.

How to Treat Leaky Gut Syndrome

One thing you can do to heal a leaky gut is to take a supplement. The main one is glutamine. Glutamine, also known as L-glutamine, is a powerful amino acid that has the ability to heal soft tissue like the lining of the small intestines. It is very good for improving the health and integrity of the gut.

Another thing you can do is take a probiotic. Probiotics are filled with good bacteria which can help to revive the balance of your gut flora. You want to possess more good bacteria in your gut. For more information on probiotics read the article: What are the Health Benefits of Probiotics.

Leaky gut is by and large recognized as a symptom, but not a condition, by conventional medicine. The majority of clinical studies have focused on association as opposed to cause and effect, which makes it difficult to establish the amount of time needed to heal leaky gut.

The healing time will be based on the core condition, such as IBS or IBD, and the time it takes an individual and their doctor to get that condition under control.

How to Treat Leaky Gut Syndrome Naturally

Dairy is not recommended, but for an individual who enjoys eating yogurt, Kefir is worth a try, which is full of probiotics.

Kefir is a cultured, fermented beverage that tastes a good deal like a yogurt What About Leaky Gut Syndromedrink. It’s made using “starter” grains, just as sourdough bread has a “starter.” This starter is a combination of yeasts, milk proteins, and bacteria. It has a tart, creamy flavor, and it’s loaded with probiotic health benefits.

Kefir is most commonly made with dairy milk, but it can be made with non-dairy alternatives including:

  • coconut milk
  • goat’s milk
  • rice milk
  • coconut water

Because kefir is fermented, most people who are lactose intolerant can actually drink kefir.

Kefir is now widely available in most places. It is found in some form in most grocery stores near the dairy or yogurt. It’s often used to improve digestion.

Part of the rationale for kefir becoming more available and prevalent within the past few years is perhaps thanks to its health benefits. Kefir is nutrient-dense, with lots of protein, B vitamins, potassium, and calcium. Calcium helps to produce strong bones, protein builds strong muscles, and potassium is crucial for heart health.

Additionally, fermented foods like sauerkraut are good choices, which help balance the gut flora out. It is obvious that one of the main causes of leaky gut is inflammation. OMEGA-3 is known for its capability to combat inflammation. You can increase the quantity of omega-3 in your diet by eating more fatty fish like salmon, or by taking a fish oil supplement.

For a reasonable and reliable on-line source for the supplements mentioned in this article click here.

Preventing Leaky Gut Syndrome

Taking self-care steps that promote overall digestive health could also be the simplest avenue to protect yourself from leaky gut.

  • Increase the ingestion of high-fiber foods. The soluble fiber found in vegetables, legumes, and fruit support your gut’s beneficial bacteria, according to a 2016 study.
  • Reduce the ingestion of refined carbohydrates. Too much sugar can negatively impact gut barrier function, consistent with a 2014 study Trusted Source.
  • Reduce the use of NSAIDs. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as aspirin, ibuprofen, and naproxen, can increase intestinal permeability, according to a 2009 study Trusted Source.
  • Take probiotic supplements. The favorable bacteria of probiotics are deemed as helpful for many gastrointestinal conditions, such as IBS, according to a 2009 study.
  • Reduce the stress levels. Gut bacteria can be harmed by persistent stress, according to a 2017 study Trusted Source.
  • Reduce the alcohol intake. Excessive alcohol intake may increase intestinal permeability, according to a 2014 study Trusted Source.
  • Stop smoking. Tobacco smoke may increase gastrointestinal tract inflammation and may be a risk factor for a variety of bowel conditions, consistent with a 2013 study Trusted Source.

If after trying the above suggestions the condition persists, it is recommended that a physician, be consulted, preferably a gastroenterologist.

Please leave any question, comments or concerns below in the comment section.

Good Health!!




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