The Dental Fistula

Recently, we published an article on this website entitled, All about Dental Care that focused on the importance of dental care. With this article, we address a specific dental issue, the dental fistula.

What is the Dental Fistula

Bacteria can contaminate and infect different regions of the teeth or gums, causing the area to fill with secretion (a.k.a. pus) and create what is known as an abscess. If the secretion from a contaminated area has nowhere else to go, it will occasionally form a new pathway to the tooth or gum surface. This new canal for the secretion to drain is called a dental fistula.

What Causes the Dental Fistula?

Fistulas take place when the discharge from an abscess produces pressure and is unable to drain properly. But what causes the infection to lead to an abscess in the first place?

The most common causes of an abscess at the root of a tooth are:

  • Improper dental hygiene
  • A former dental treatment (including after a root canal)
  • Injury

Notice that improper dental hygiene is at the top of the list. Therefore, an individual is more likely to cultivate an abscessed tooth and a resulting fistula if there is an improper dental routine, as well as a diet that is high in sugar or suffers from a dry mouth.

What are the Symptoms of a Dental Fistula

It is important to note that a fistula alone may not be painful, or the pain from the abscessed area may come and go. Regardless of the discomfort level, it is recommended to schedule a visit with a dentist or dental hygienist. They are the best at identifying infection and offering the best treatment that is needed.

The symptoms of a dental fistula can include:

  • The appearance of a small bump on the gums (otherwise known as a gum boil). It may vary by appearing and disappearing, which is an indication that infection does exist and the body is using the fistula to drain it. So it is best not to ignore the bump!
  • A discharge of secretion into the mouth, occasionally with an unpleasant bitter taste

The symptoms from an abscessed tooth will probably be easier to identify. These can include:

  • Inflamed lymph nodes in the neck or jaw area
  • Fever
  • Painful toothache that pulsates or radiates to the ear or neck
  • Swelling
  • Tooth sensitivity

In the event difficulty breathing or swallowing is experienced, it is crucial to seek immediate medical attention or dial 911.

How to Treat the Dental Fistula

Whether or not an abscess has a fistula, it is imperative
to seek treatment as soon as possible. Once an infection has advanced to this level, it will not heal on its own and need professional treatment. Untreated infections may spread, worsen, and lead to serious and potentially life-threatening complications. Without care, the infection can proceed to the jawbone and affect other parts of the body.

For the reason that abscesses cause dental fistulas, there is not much an individual can do to treat them directly on their own. Treatment for a fistula will include getting to the bottom of the fundamental cause of the abscess and infection.

According to science, remedy for a tooth abscess can include:

  • A root canal or extraction of the distressed tooth
  • Draining the secretion from the area of infection
  • An antibiotic prescription to treat the underlying infection

There are some steps an individual can take to decrease the discomfort or pain while waiting to see a dental professional. Bear in mind that these steps do not treat the underlying cause of these symptoms, and treatment is still required.

  • Apply a cold compress to the area of the cheek nearest to the painful area
  • Continue the normal oral care routine gently as not to further irritate vulnerable areas
  • Take over-the-counter pain medications(Tylenol, Motrin, etc.) as prescribed or instructed on the packaging
  • Flush or rinse with warm (but not hot) saltwater

Even though bacterial infections are the cause of tooth abscesses and dental fistulas, don’t take antibiotics without a prescription. Dental professionals will not prescribe these medications all of the time, as they are not always necessary nor the best option for every situation.

If Left Untreated

We frequently underestimate a small scratch; however, we should never do the same when it comes to toothache and tooth root infections. When experiencing a throbbing toothache, we should never hesitate to see a dentist, particularly if the gums are already swelling.

Bone Infection – The first target of bacteria is the bones surrounding the infected tooth, including the jawbone. Bone infection or osteomyelitis is the inflammation of the bone marrow or the bone because of the bacterial infection that ran through the bloodstream.

Severe cases of osteomyelitis are extremely painful and damage the bone structure. The worst case is when the bacteria win over the body and becomes life-threatening. The treatment consists of a string of antibiotics and antifungal medications that can last from four to six weeks.

Infection of blood vessels in the sinuses – Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis is the inflammation and infection of the blood vessels in the sinuses that result in a blood clot at the base of the brain. It is a rare and grave disorder where the infection from the eyes, nose, ears, or teeth travels through the veins around the face and causes more facial disorders.

It is extremely dangerous and should be treated without delay upon identification. The most favorable way to remedy this disorder is to identify the origin of the infection through a sequence of tests and drain the disease-causing bacteria.

Skin and fat infection (Cellulitis) – Cellulitis is the inflammation and infection of the inner layer of the skin next to fat. Cellulitis can surface in the face, breast, or anus. For facial cellulitis, there will be redness around the cheeks, nose, and eyes. It is painful and may lead to sepsis, which is a life-threatening condition (more to follow).

Cellulitis occurs when the bacteria from a tooth root infection travels through the veins on the skin and spreads the bacterial infection to the area. Mild cases of cellulitis will take up to two weeks of oral antibiotics, and severe cases can finish up with longer antibiotic treatments.

Parapharyngeal abscess – Parapharyngeal abscess is an infection that establishes itself at the deep part of the neck near the hyoid bone or the bone near the Adam’s apple. Swelling of the infected part can obstruct the airway and cause a patient to have breathing difficulties.

Signs of a Parapharyngeal abscess consist of a sore throat, fever, and puffiness of the neck. It is diagnosed by way of a CT scan and taken care of surgically to drain the abscess in the throat. If left undetected, the abscess can travel down to the carotid artery and becomes even more life-threatening.

Sepsis or blood infection – Last but certainly far from least, the most lethal consequence of untreated tooth root infection
is sepsis. It occurs when the bacterial infection has spread through the entire bloodstream, and the immune system triggers a system-wide inflammation that can rupture the organs and block arteries.

When there is not enough blood flow through the body, blood pressure will drop, and the kidneys, lungs, and liver will fail due to septic shock. Nearly all of the medical conditions related to the spread of bacteria in the blood can lead to sepsis.

As you can see, one infected tooth can have severe consequences. Therefore, tooth root infection can be a deadly condition and should never be taken lightly.

How to Prevent the Dental Fistula

The fact is that there is no mysterious solution for avoiding infection or the abscesses and fistulas that can occur from it. The best solution is to practice proper dental hygiene and sustain a healthy diet as part of a routine to prevent tooth decay and the resulting abscesses.

Abscessed teeth can be prevented by:

  • Brushing the teeth for two (2) minutes twice a day and using a flossing device once daily
  • By using a fluoridated toothpaste, mouthwash, or water (nearly all tap water has fluoride!)
  • Rinse with an antiseptic mouthwash such as Listerine
    [affiliate link] daily.
  • Maintaining a healthy diet that limits overly acidic or sugary foods [Sugar  adheres to the teeth and forms acid that damages tooth enamel]
  • Using sugar-free gum or ingesting dairy products to aid the promotion of saliva
  • Maintain a regular schedule with a dental professional (at least once a year).

If an individual should have a dental fistula or abscess, it is recommended that a dental appointment be made as soon as possible to treat the underlying issue. While it may be stressful to visit a dental professional, however, it will be a great choice for good health.

Maintaining good dental health cannot be stressed enough for overall good health as well as the prevention of more serious consequences.

Questions, comments, and concerns are welcomed below.

Good Health!!




Cresceo the Brain Supplement

One of the most common medical complaints today is memory difficulties. Depending on the degree of the issue, the cause can be anything from a serious medical condition to a diet deficiency. This article focuses on the latter. Supplementing our diets with a memory supplement may be the avenue to keep our memories sharp. Cresceo the brain supplement is one such supplement.

What is Cresceo?

Cresceo The Brain Supplement
Cresceo the premier brain supplement!

Cresceo is an all-natural supplement that is scientifically developed with hand-picked crucial nutrients. This natural stimulant demonstrates promise in improving cognitive performance.

Cresceo was created by the certified neurosurgeon Dr. Russel Blaylock and is manufactured by an American company named Medix Select. It is a powerful combination of four clinically proven ingredients that are essential to brain health. These naturally resulting components reportedly help in optimizing general brain health, easing age-related mental deterioration, and enhancing cognition performance. This dietary supplement is available in capsule form and is sold in bottles with quantities to serve for 1 to 3 months.

Dr. Russell Blaylock, M.D. in addition to being a neurosurgeon he is an author who authors a regular newsletter named The Blaylock Wellness Report. He has written four books, which include Excitotoxins: The Taste That Kills, Health and Nutrition Secrets That Can Save Your Life, Natural Strategies for Cancer Patients, and Cellular and Molecular Biology of Autism Spectrum Disorders.

Currently, he is part of the Medix Select four-member Medical Advisory Board. Before joining the board and initiating his nutritional science studies, he performed neurosurgery for 26 years.

Medix Select produces and promotes high-quality dietary supplements, vitamins, and health products that support complete wellness and optimized function of the human body.

Medix Select, a division of Medix Health LLC. and was formed in direct response to the necessity for high-quality dietary supplements that focus on certain conditions and ailments. For example, there are supplements specifically for the eyes, thyroid, joints, heart, blood pressure, cholesterol, etc. The Company accomplishes these solutions by focusing on creating premium formulas with select ingredients.

These quality products and formulas are explicitly designed for the highest potency, safety, and efficacy. This is accomplished because:

  • All of the formulas are personally created by doctors, medical researchers, or scientists, causing these formulations to be the most advanced nutraceutical supplements available today.
  • Their state-of-the-art laboratories with highly qualified staff Ph.D. scientists put forward the most advanced technology available today.
  •  Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) certified facility outfitted with the most up-to-date technological advances, strictly conform to highest measures of GMP standards today, with full FDA-cGMP certification.

Additionally, I am using other Medix Select products and they all have been very effective. To sum up, their stuff works!

What are the Ingredients in Cresceo?

Medix Select asserts that Cresceo is a superb blend of natural ingredients that have been clinically studied for effectiveness and safety. There is assuring evidence that is based on several positive customer reviews that Cresceo can be effective in improving cognitive functions, increasing retention rates, and reducing age-related memory loss. The ingredients are as follows.

Gingko Biloba – having beem used in Asian medicines for centuries, this herb is flaunted for its brain-boosting resources. Gingko Biloba is believed to assist with cerebral insufficiencies by escalating the circulation of blood and oxygen to the brain. Additionally, studies have shown that the herb can enhance general brain capacity, minimize depression, and possibly control an assortment of neurodegenerative diseases such as schizophrenia and dementia. The amount of 300mg of Ginkgo Biloba contained in each capsule has been shown to increase circulation in the brain while sustaining cells in the hippocampus, which is where new memories are produced.

Ginkgo Biloba additionally aids in the enhancement of energy formation by

Cresceo The brain Supplement
All natural ingredients!

brain cell mitochondria, which is essential for memory and for aiding with the protection against excitotoxicity. As individuals age, a certain enzyme called MAO-B increases in the brain and adds to age-related cognitive impairment. Ginkgo helps inhibit MAO-B.

Although ginkgo extract has been widely examined, the machinery by which it aids in cognitive function is indecisive. Some researchers believe ginkgo is effective because it increases blood circulation, while others observe that it helps support the synapses in the brain which is the point at which a nervous impulse passes from one neuron to another.

In an arbitrary, double-blind, placebo-controlled study published in3.0.CO;2-C”> Phytotherapy Research,
thirty-one (31) volunteers ages 30 to 59 took 120 to 300 mg Ginkgo Biloba extract for two (2) days. The researchers reported enhancement in working memory, with the best results in 50 to 59-year-old individuals.

In another double-blinded, placebo-controlled study, reported in Psychopharmacology, one group of test participants were given 120 to 360 mg of Ginkgo Biloba and then measured their attention span after six hours compared with another group that received the placebo. As indicated by the report in Psychopharmacology, the researchers concluded that significant administration of Ginkgo Biloba could produce a sustained improvement in attention in healthy young volunteers.

Huperzine A – This is an extract resulting from a plant named Chinese club moss that is established in Southeast Asia and India. It is believed to be useful for issues such as cognitive function, mental decline, weakening memory, and having an effect on the levels of neurotransmitters in the brain.

Huperzine A acts as a cholinesterase inhibitor, which means that it reduces a chemical that would typically lessen choline levels in the brain. This can result in better memory and test performance.

In a double-blind study printed in Acta Pharmacological Sinica, 34 pairs of junior middle school students expressing issues with memory inadequacy were divided into two (2) groups. One group took 50 micrograms a day of Huperzine-A for four (4) weeks, whereas the control group obtained a placebo. After one month, the students that took Huperzine-A showed a 10.5% advancement in their “Memory Quotient,” which is a standard measure of memory, as opposed to the control group.

Bacopa Monnieri – Bacopa Monnieri (Brahmi) is a long-established Ayurvedic therapy that has proven advantageous for increasing cognitive function, memory, and lessening anxiety. Brahmi is an additional plant well-known for its potential to keep the mind sharp and the memory strong.

Findings point toward the antioxidants found in Brahmi that can assist in lessening the symptoms of Alzheimer’s by protecting the brain against neural oxidative stress (free radicals). For more information on oxidative stress and free radicals, please read the article, What are Free Radicals and why are they Bad, on this website.

Dr. Blaylock’s formula gives yields 300 mg of Brahmi daily. This is the most favorable dosage recommended by research.

Cresceo is reported to improve the speed of visual information processing while additionally boosting learning rate and memory. The makers of Cresceo refer to the results of a study when 67 adults received between 300 and 450mg of Brahmi a day. By the end of three months, Brahmi was shown to reduce the rate of forgetting newly acquired information (short-term memory).

Phosphatidylserine Isolate (PS) – Finally Yet Importantly, this is another main component in this brain and memory formula. This powerful nutrient is well-known for maintaining the brain cells in a healthy state, intact and performing most favorably. This chemical compound is believed to help restore receptors on brain cells, which helps neurotransmitters communicate more efficiently with one another.

For example, a study published in the journal Nutrition established that, for older individuals with moderate age-related cognitive impairment, phosphatidylserine has formed consistent modest increases in recall of word lists.

In another study, 157 patients chosen randomly received either PS or a placebo for fifteen (15) weeks. Verbal instantaneous recall in the PS group was appreciably improved. This result indicates that PS may assist in improving cognitive performance in non-demented elderly individuals with memory complaints.

Another study printed in Neurology followed one hundred forty-nine (149) patients taking either PS or a placebo for twelve (12) weeks. Individuals treated with PS improved their execution on tests related to learning and memory tasks of daily life. The researchers concluded that phosphatidylserine shows the potential of being a candidate for the treatment of memory loss later in life.

Credible research suggests PS can stem the progression of Alzheimer’s, boost memory, help with depression, and slow down the state of mental decline.

These four (4) ingredients work in concert to improve memory, learning, and cognition.

On top of the four (4) brain booster elements listed above, Cresceo includes a small number of other ingredients: Vegetable capsule ( Cellouse ethers), Leucine, Microchrystalline Cellouse, Silicone Dioxide, soy.

Where to buy Cresceo

Cresceo can be purchased online from the official website as follows:

— One Month Supply (30 Capsules): $39.95 plus shipping and handling
— Three Month Supply (90 Capsules): $89.88 plus shipping and handling
— Three Month Supply with Autoship Program: $79.92 plus free shipping – with autoship, a new supply is sent every three (3) months to avoid running out of supply. Autoship also yields the largest discount.

Cresceo The Brain Supplement
Get your supply today!

Cresceo can also be purchased from Amazon [affiliate link] as follows:

— One month supply (30 Capsules): $39.95 plus shipping and handling                                         — Three Month Supply (90 Capsules): $119.95 plus shipping and handling – Amazon does not offer autoship.

Medix select offers a 30-day money-back guarantee if not satisfied.

My Personal Experience


My experience with Cresceo is a positive one. I have used Cresceo for five years and in my personal experience, it does make a difference.

I was having an issue with recall. I found myself struggling to remember facts that I knew but just could not bring them out when I needed to. It was the only issue I was having but it was a cause for concern for me.

After taking Cresceo, I began to notice the difference and I can only wonder what it would have been like if I had not taken some action. My memory and recall are what I consider normal (at least for me). I am no scholar but I least I can remember and recall my name!


The only negative side of my experience with Cresceo is the amount of time it takes to notice the effects. For me, it began about a month and a half for me to notice the difference and it progresses gradually from there. In fact, the benefits still seem to be progressing after five years. In many cases, natural products do not work as fast as prescription-synthetic products but on the other hand, there is less of a concern for side effects.

I have not experienced any side effects from this supplement.

To be fair, about halfway through this five-year period, I stopped taking it and it took a couple of months for the effects of Cresceo to cease as well. I thought I was cured! However, after that observation, I immediately resumed my smartship plan with Medix.

Anyone who decides to try Cresceo should give it at least three months to see the benefits.

It is advisable before taking any supplement that a medical professional is consulted especially if an individual is taking medications for other conditions.

Any questions, comments, or concerns, can be left below.

Good Health!!




The Health Benefits of Lemon Water

One of the most beneficial substances for our bodies is water. Up to 60% of our body is water. However, what we add to our water can make it harmful or more beneficial for our bodies. One of the substances we can add to our water to benefit our bodies is lemon juice. Lemon Juice contains a host of benefits and the purpose of this article is to explain the health benefits of lemon water.

What are Lemons?

The origin of the lemon is basically unidentified, although lemons are believed to have first grown in Assam (a region in northeast India), northern Burma, or China. A genetic study of the lemon suggested that it was a crossbreed between bitter orange (sour orange) and citron.

The lemon’s origin is not exactly telling, but evidence has been well known of its value that goes back almost two thousand years. The lemon tree, which is a type of citrus plant, is grown in subtropical as well as tropical areas. The majority of lemons are grown in California, Florida, and Mediterranean countries that provide our food supply chains with fresh lemons all year.

The juice from lemons has a multitude of uses, from cooking to therapeutic. Lemons are used in beverages, desserts, as well as a garnish for fish and meat meals. Lemon juice is an organic cleaner and stain remover. Lemon oil also supplies the fragrance for soaps, perfumes, as well as skin creams.

However, we are going to take a look at lemon water and its health benefits.

What are the Health Benefits of Lemon Water

Lemon juice has been used medically for hundreds of years. Individuals have used lemon juice for virus avoidance and have combined it with ginger and honey as an effective cold treatment. Antiseptic compounds in lemons can alleviate mouth infections such as gingivitis and perform as a laxative in the digestive system.

Lemon juice is a first-rate reserve of Vitamin C. Research has shown that Vitamin C is a crucial nutrient in evading multiple diseases known to us today.

Vitamin C is crucial in the formation of bone, connective tissue repair, and gum health. It also supports the immune system by fighting infections and protecting against free radical damage of cells. Researchers have established that vitamin C treatment assists in the prevention of atherosclerosis by intensifying artery walls, and is effective in treating infertility and neurological ailments like Alzheimer’s.

A single tablespoon of lemon juice has:

    • Calories: 3
    • Carbohydrates: 1 gram
    • Fat: 0 grams
    • Fiber: 0 grams
    • Protein: 0 grams
  • Sugar: 0 grams

Antibacterial Effects – Lemon juice contains antibacterial and antifungal properties. The plant compounds in lemon juice distillate successfully subdued the growth of staphylococcus, salmonella, and Candida infections in one study. It was also useful against one particular antibiotic-resistant bacteria which causes pneumonia and blood infections.

Lowers Blood Pressure – Japanese researchers observed a possible relationship between lemon juice consumption and blood pressure. They discovered a contrary relationship, indicating that the more lemon juice a test individual ingested, the lower their blood pressure. However, more research is required to determine why lemon juice composites may lower blood pressure.

Cancer Prevention – Lemon juice is a significant resource of flavonoids that aid in the protection against cancer. These flavonoids have antioxidant properties and intervene with cancer development and spread. In one study, lemon juice was especially efficient in inhibiting the progression of leukemia cells in particular.

Aids in Digestion – Acid aids in breaking down food. This is why there is an abundance of it in the stomach. The acid contained in lemons may be particularly helpful in increasing stomach acid levels, which are likely to decline as we get older.

Helps with Hydration – The majority of individuals do not consume enough water. Initiating a daily lemon water habit is an easy way to get the day off on the right start. We can tell if we are drinking enough if our urine is practically clear but not totally.

Prevents Oxidation – As with all produce, lemons contain phytonutrients that protect the body against disease. These phytonutrients have potent antioxidant properties, which inhibit cell damage from oxidation; this is the same method that produces rust.

What are the Helath Benefits of Lemon Water? - Lemon Water Benefits
Lemon Water has numerous Benefits

Provides a Potassium Increase – The body cannot operate without potassium. It is required for transporting nutrients and waste, nerve-muscle communication, as well as blood pressure regulation. All Fruits and vegetables are important sources of potassium.

Aids in Preventing Kidney Stones – Lemon water aids in preventing painful stones in individuals who are deficient in urinary citrate (which is a form of citric acid). More significantly, increased fluids prevent dehydration that is a common cause of kidney stones.

It can help liver function – An additional benefit of lemon water is it helps the liver to do an even better job being the body’s filter. Increasing overall hydration can aid in improving the function of all organs in the body, including the liver. Additionally, animal studies have discovered that the citrus flavonoids in lemons may shield the liver against toxins and decrease fat in the liver, protecting against fatty liver disease. The liver is the body’s natural apparatus for cleansing out toxins. Claims of “detoxification” from lemon juice are not exactly proven; however, assisting the liver to work better could benefit the body.

It can promote healthy skin – Lemon water is also an accepted remedy for a variety of skin issues ranging from acne, rashes, and wrinkles to dark spots.

Possible Risks of Lemon Juice

The Benefits of Lemon Water - Lemon Water Side Effects
Too much lemon water can cause side effects

Even with all the benefits lemon juice offers, there can be some adverse effects. Since lemon juice has such strong ingredients, an individual should consult with their doctor before ingesting it or any other supplement. Therefore, the items below should be considered before consuming lemon juice:

Citrus Allergies – For individuals who are allergic to grass pollen or other citrus fruits such as grapefruit, limes, or oranges, may also be allergic to lemons. The most usual reactions are burning, itching, or swelling of the throat and mouth. Some individuals can experience gastrointestinal distress or headaches.

Can Possibly Erode Dental Enamel – There have been instances of dental erosion in individuals who consume lemon juice in large amounts. The natural acids contained in lemon juice can wear away dental enamel if ingested too frequently.

May Cause Migraines – Lemon juice is high in tyramine, an amino acid that helps regulate blood pressure. If an individual is sensitive to tyramine, drinking lemon juice can trigger migraine headaches.

Because of these effects, it is best for lemon juice to be diluted with water to mitigate them; hence lemon water.

 How to Enjoy Lemon Water

The Health Benefits of Lemon Water - How to Enjoy Lemon Water
A glass first thing in the morning is best!

Simply press the juice from half of a lemon into a glass of water. How much? When?

Lemon water is generally most valuable if ingested first thing in the morning. It is suggested to combine lemon juice with warm water for the reason that it helps obtain vitamin C and polyphenols from the lemon as well as its peel. Additionally, how much lemon water is consumed daily is important.

To obtain any health benefits of lemon water, an individual needs to drink it unfailingly.

When making lemon water, it is always best to use fresh lemons as opposed to lemon juice from a bottle.

To make lemon water, squeeze ½ of a lemon into 8 ounces of warm or cold water. To make the subsequent drink as beneficial as possible, use filtered water and organic lemons. Organic or not, be sure to wash them thoroughly.

More flavors can be infused or add a health boost to lemon water by adding:

  • a few springs of mint
  • a teaspoon of maple syrup or raw honey
  • a slice of fresh ginger
  • a dash of cinnamon
  • a sprinkle of turmeric
    [Which also has other great nutritional values—click the link to learn more]

Slices of other fresh citrus fruits for example limes and oranges or cucumber slices can be added also. Again—always cleanse the produce well before slicing and using.

Having lemon ice cubes on hand is a great way to add lemon to the water fast. Just wring the lemon juice into ice cube trays and freeze. Then place a few of the cubes into a glass of cold or hot water as desired.

One routine to adapt is to start the morning with a mug of warm lemon water and maintain a pitcher of refrigerated water permeated with a few sliced lemons to drink all through the day.

The Bottom Line

Research has shown that lemon water has loads of probable health rewards. In addition to those, adding lemon to water may help to drink more all through the day and keep the body hydrated. Staying hydrated is crucial to good health; therefore, lemon water is pretty much a win-win.

The Health Benefits of Lemon Water - Lemon Water
A great tool to have in our health tool boxes!

Lemon water is certainly not a cure-all, but if used properly, it can be a tremendous asset in the health toolbox for maintaining good health overall.

Good Health!!

You are welcome to leave questions, comments, and concerns below.





The Toenail Fungus

How much attention do you pay to your toenails? A great deal of us takes them for granted and don’t notice very much about them. However, there is a condition that affects a lot of toenails, especially for older adults. It is the toenail fungus.

Toenail fungus is particularly common. Medical experts estimate that toenail fungus affects 1 in 10 (10%) individuals overall. The number increases to 1 in 2 (50%) for individuals older than 70.

What is the Toenail Fungus?

Toenail fungus, also known as onychomycosis (on-ih-koh-my-KOH-sis), is a widespread fungal infection of the toenails. The most obvious symptom is a white, brown, or yellow stain of one or more of the toenails. It may well spread and cause the nails to thicken or crack. Less frequently, nail fungus can infect the fingernails.

What Causes the Toenail Fungus?

The most frequent trigger is a kind of fungus called dermatophyte. Yeast and molds as well can initiate nail infections. Fungal nail infections may occur in individuals at any age however, it is more prevalent in older adults. As the fungus progresses, the nail can become brittle and dry.

Dermatophytes are microscopic fungal microorganisms that are too small to see with the naked eye. They receive their nourishment off keratin, which is a protein found in fingernails and toenails. Keratin is what causes nails to be hard.

Several varieties of toenail fungi are rather contagious. An unhygienic individual can extend the fungus to another individual through direct contact. An individual can additionally get toenail fungus by touching an infected surface.

Nail fungi benefit from lukewarm, damp, dark places. Many individuals contract toenail fungus by:

  • Walking around the outer limits s of swimming pools.
  • Exercising a public shower or public locker room.
  • Walking barefoot in an open area.

The Risk Factors for Toenail Fungus

Some factors that can increase the risk of cultivating toenail fungus include:

  • Being older, as a result of reduced blood flow, increased years of exposure to fungi, and nails that grow slower.
  • Having athlete’s foot in the past
  • Having a minor nail or skin injury or a skin circumstance, for example, psoriasis
  • Developing diabetes, having circulation problems, or a weakened or destabilized immune system.
  • Perspiring heavily
  • Walking barefoot in damp public areas, like swimming pools, gyms, and shower rooms.

Toenail fungus can spread to other parts of the body but it usually does not spread beyond the toes. Several dermatophyte fungi can spread easily to the skin. (The skin and scalp also contain keratin.) When dermatophyte fungi relate to the skin, it is called ringworm.

Toenail fungus can spread to:

  • Groin area (known as jock itch).
  • Additional toenails.
  • Scalp (skin on top of the head).
  • The skin between your toes (known as athlete’s foot).

Anyone can become infected with toenail fungus although it often affects older adults, especially individuals over the age of 60.

There is a higher risk of developing toenail fungus if an individual has:

  • Athlete’s foot
  • Weakened immune system from an autoimmune disorder or HIV.
  • Psoriasis.
  • Poor blood circulation because of peripheral vascular disease.
  • Nail wound or injury.
  • Hyperhidrosis (a disorder that causes heavy sweating)
  • Diabetes

Symptoms of the Toenail Fungus

An individual may have toenail fungus if one or more of these symptoms exist

  • A dark color, produced by debris building up under the nail
  • Frail, crumbly, or ragged nail (s).
  • Indistinct in shape
  • Slightly foul odor
  • Thickened nail (s)
  • Whitish to yellow-brown discoloration (mentioned above)

Complications of the Toenail Fungus

The Toenail Fungus - Toenail Fungus Complications
Toenail Fungus can get serious

An acute case of nail fungus can be painful and possibly will cause permanent damage to the nails. Additionally, it could lead to other serious infections that spread beyond the feet if an individual has a suppressed immune system due to the utilization of medications, diabetes or, other medical conditions. For more information on inflammation, see the article, The Dangers of inflammation, on this website.

If an individual has diabetes, he or she may have reduced blood flow and nerve supply in their feet. They are additionally at greater risk of a bacterial skin infection known as cellulitis. Therefore, any relatively minor injury to the feet, including a toenail fungal infection, can lead to a more serious problem. If an individual has diabetes and believes they are developing toenail fungus it is highly advisable to see a health care professional.

Toenail fungus can change an individual’s toenail appearance in several ways. The toenail may:

  • Change color, appearing white, yellow, or brown.
  • Appear chalky or cloudy in some spots.
  • Thicken and possibly appear to look misshapen.
  • Breakaway from the nail bed (leaving space between the nail and the skin underneath).

While toenail fungus can be unattractive in appearance, it usually is not painful.

Treating the Toenail Fungus

The Toenail Fungus-Toenail Fungus Treatment
Toenail Fungus is treatable

Prescription drugs for the toenail fungus include oral antifungals, for example, terbinafine which is known as Lamisil, or fluconazole known as Diflucan, which are traditionally used to treat this condition. These treatments are commonly effective; however, they can cause serious side effects ranging from upset stomach and dizziness to severe skin problems and jaundice.

This may be the reason many individuals endeavor to try home remedies instead. Here are some of the more popular at-home treatments.

What is the most effective treatment for toenail fungus?  Vicks Vapor Rub is the best home remedy Vicks VapoRub is an ointment that is applied topically. Although it is intended for cough suppression, its most active ingredients, eucalyptus oil, and camphor can help treat the toenail fungus.

A 2011 study concluded that this Rub had a “positive clinical effect” in the healing of toenail fungus.

To use, rub on a tiny amount of Vicks VapoRub to the affected area at least once a day.


Snakeroot extract
Snakeroot (Ageratina pichinchensis) is an antifungal extract taken from plants in the sunflower family.

A 2008 study indicated that the treatment is as effective against toenail fungus as the prescription antifungal medicine ciclopirox.

For the study, snakeroot extract was applied to the affected area every 3rd day for the first month, twice a week for the 2nd month, and once a week for the 3rd month.

Tea Tree Oil – Tea tree oil, also known as melaleuca, is an essential oil with antifungal and antiseptic abilities.

According to the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health, some minor scale clinical studies indicated that tea tree oil might be effective against toenail fungus.

To use, apply the tea tree oil exactly onto the infected nail twice daily with a cotton swab.


Oregano Oil – Oregano oil contains thymol, a medical disinfectant, and fungicide. Based on a 2016 review, thymol has antifungal and antibacterial properties.

To treat toenail fungus, apply oregano oil to the infected nail twice daily with a cotton swab. Some individuals use oregano oil and tea tree oil combined.

Take note that both products are potent and can trigger irritation or an allergic reaction. Using them together may increase this risk.


Olive leaf extract – Oleuropein, an active substance in olive leaf extract, is considered to have antimicrobial, antifungal, and immune-boosting abilities.

Olive leaf salve can be applied directly to toenail fungus or taken orally in capsule form.

According to a 2012 review, taking 1 to 3 olive leaf capsules with meals twice a day is more effective than olive leaf salve in treating toenail fungus. It is recommended to drink plenty of water throughout this treatment.

Ozonized oils – Ozonized oils are oils such as olive oil and sunflower oil that are injected with ozone gas.

According to a 2011 study, this type of ozone exposure in low amounts for a short period can then disable many organisms like fungi, yeast, and bacteria.

Another study found ozonized sunflower oil was noticeable more successful in treating toenail fungus than the prescription antifungal topical, ketoconazole (Xolegel).

To treat toenail fungus with ozonized oil, massage the oil into the infected toenail twice a day.

Vinegar – Only vague evidence has surfaced that supports vinegar as a treatment for toenail fungus. Nevertheless, it is a reasonably safe home remedy to try.

To use, soak the infected foot in one (1) part vinegar to two (2) parts warm water for up to 20 minutes a day.

Listerine (mouthwash) – Listerine mouthwash is a popular folk remedy for toenail fungus because it contains ingredients like menthol, thymol, and eucalyptus, that have antibacterial and antifungal properties.

The recommended treatment is to soak the infected foot in a basin of the amber-colored version of Listerine for 30 minutes a day.


Garlic – A 2009 review has concluded that garlic has certain antifungal and antimicrobial capabilities.

Toenail fungus may be treated with garlic by placing chopped or crushed garlic cloves on the infected area for 30 minutes a day.

It may be less of an odor by treating it with garlic capsules. Take them as directed by the manufacturer.

Diet – The relationship between diet and health is evident: The healthier we eat, the better chance the body has to fight off conditions such as toenail fungus.

Give the body the nutrients it requires by eating:

  • A diet loaded in essential fatty acids
  • Enough iron to avoid brittle nails
  • Enough protein to sustain nail regrowth
  • Foods rich in calcium and vitamin D, like low-fat dairy products
  • Yogurt rich in Probiotics

How to Prevent Toenail Fungus

The Toenail fungus - Toenail Fungus Prevention
Prevention is better than cure!

While there is not any way to guarantee against contracting toenail fungus, there are several steps an individual can take to assist in preventing it:

  • Avoid walking without shoes in communal areas for example locker rooms, public showers, hotel rooms/showers, and swimming pools. Most individuals come in contact with fungus in these situations. It is better to wear some kind of foot covering in these public areas.
  • If there is a family member with foot fungus or nail fungus, it is best to use a different shower or wear foot coverings in the shower to avoid coming in contact with the fungus.
  • Trauma due to accidental or forceful cutting of the nails can turn into gateways of entry for the fungus.
  • Clean the nail clipper before using it.
  • Never tear or rip a toenail on purpose.
  • For individuals with diabetes, follow all foot care recommendations from your healthcare professional.
  • Always keep the feet dry. Make sure to fully dry the feet after a shower.
  • It is best to soak toenails in warm water before cutting them. Alternatively, cut them after a shower or bath.
  • Cut toenails straight across (don’t round the edges).
  • Wear shoes that fit properly. They should never be too loose-fitting or tight around the toes.

Home remedies can be more successful than prescription medications in curing mild-to-moderate toenail fungus. Although home remedies in general have fewer side effects, there is less scientific proof that they work.

Many factors come into play when mitigating toenail fungus, such as nail penetration, the severity of the infection, and health overall.

It is important to note that home remedies can take longer to eradicate toenail fungus than prescription topical medications or oral systemic antifungals. Additionally, results may not be seen for several months and reinjection is common.

Once the infection is gone, it is imperative to keep toenails dry, clean, and rimmed properly.

In severe cases of toenail fungus, pain, and irreversible toenail damage can occur. If home remedies to treat the infection are chosen and they are not effective or result in side effects, consult your physician.

Comments, questions, or concerns can be left below. You will receive a response.

Good health!!






Do I have Brain Fog?

Have you ever wondered if you have brain fog? This article will help you to determine if you do and what you can do about it. Then you will no longer have to ask, do I have brain fog?

Brain fog is one of those conditions where our brains are simply not working as well as they usually do for some reason. It can produce difficult days at work because we are unable to perform our jobs accurately, and it can additionally affect our social lives as well because we find it challenging to relax and have an enjoyable time.

What is Brain Fog?

First, it is important to understand what brain fog is. The term Brain fog is not a medical or scientific one; it is used by persons to describe how they feel when their thinking is not clear but not sharp, sluggish, and fuzzy (aka fuzzy brain).

Everybody experiences this concern on occasion. Perhaps an individual may not think clearly when he or she was sick with an illness such as the flu or an illness of another kind. Perhaps they were jet-lagged and their thinking was sluggish because it felt it was 3 AM according to their home time zone. Alternatively, perhaps they took medication such as an antihistamine that made their thinking fuzzy for a while. In each case they probably desired to get back to normal, whether that meant recovering from the illness, adjusting to the new time zone, or simply waiting for the side effects of the medication to wear off.

What is Brain Fog Caused by?

There are several possible causes of brain fog and, most of them are reasonably easy to adopt. Typically, it only takes effort to make some adjustments to the daily schedule and an individual will be feeling much better again in no time. At times, however, it can be far more challenging to overcome, and might even be a sign of something serious.

Let’s look at some of those possible causes

Insufficient sleep – Possibly the most widespread reason for brain fog is a need for sleep. Most individuals require around 8 hours every night, although that figure will differ from person to person. If an individual often does not sleep well enough at night then he or she could be affecting their physical as well as their mental health.

One of the universal reasons for not getting enough sleep boils down to lifestyle preferences. Many individuals over-work themselves to their souls, while others might choose to stay up late gaming or watching TV. Other individuals may have trouble sleeping because of specific medical conditions. Regardless, it is best to get enough sleep if possible and it will make one feel much better as a result. For more detailed information on the impact of sleep, please read the article, The importance of sleep for health, on this website.

Improper diet – What we eat has a major impact on our total health. Not only is it crucial to eat the right type of food, but it is additionally important to eat enough, but also not to overdo it. Some individuals will also need to steer clear of certain foods for fear that it causes them unwelcome problems, including brain fog.

Among the most vital things to take into concern is to have a diet that is stuffed full of vitamins and minerals. Vitamin B12, specifically, is crucial for a healthy brain that allows us to think and concentrate clearly. A healthy diet is also crucial for many other components of our health.

Excess Stress – Stress is a natural process, and pretty much everybody will have experienced it at some point in his or her life. It is the body’s way of assisting to make sure that the body is alert and ready for certain situations, serving to ensure that the body is able to deal with the issue.

While it is vastly beneficial, too much of a good thing is a bad thing and stress is certainly not a good thing if there is an excessive amount of it. If an individual is going through episodes of extended stress then it can lead to brain fog, and longer-term mental health problems, high blood pressure, and other potentially serious mental conditions. If an individual is difficulties then they should think about speaking with a health professional to help conquer the root cause of it.

Hormonal imbalances – Hormones have an influential impact on the general performance of our bodies. For example, they assist to control our mood and the way a person thinks, in addition to ensuring that the bodily processes are operating evenly. If, for any reason, an individual’s hormonal levels were to be altered then it can result in some undesirable symptoms including brain fog.

Health issues such as menopause, menstruation, and pregnancy can have an impact on a female’s hormonal levels. This can lead to brain fog as a result, alongside some other unwelcome symptoms.

Medications – When we are under the weather, individuals will occasionally require some form of medication to aid recovery as quickly as possible. Medication can aid in remedying the underlying condition directly, while some medication will only assist to relieve the individual of the symptoms.

In addition to having many helpful properties, some medications will have some rather undesirable side effects. The majority of side effects from medications are fortunately not very serious, and one (1) example of this is brain fog. Other general side effects of medications can include dizziness, drowsiness, and, headaches. Some side effects can be significantly more serious, however. Therefore, we must take all necessary precautions when using drugs.

Cancer treatments-Chemo Therapy – Chemotherapy is a medical procedure that attacks cancer cells directly, to aid in the slowing of the progress of cancers. These are very potent drugs that are used in this procedure and while they can be quite effective at slowing down cancer, the treatment can also have some extremely unwelcomed side effects.

Do I have Brain Fog - Chemo Brain Fog
Brain Fog is a side-effect of Chemo

One of these undesirable side effects is brain fog, otherwise known as “chemo brain.” Individuals can have difficulty processing even the simplest of things and are subject to forgetting names, and the day of the week. Some individuals may experience chemo brain for quite a prolonged time after treatment, but the majority will find that the symptoms disappear reasonably quickly.

Chronic (recurring) Infections – Infections are comparatively general and the majority is not going to do us any severe harm. The greater of these will be cleared up within several days or so, however, others are going to linger around for much longer or perhaps even for life. The infections that do last for longer than usual will probably cause a number of symptoms including brain fog.

One common example is the infection, candida. Candida is a fungus that is residing in our stomach and, essentially, it is harmless. However, under some circumstances, this fungus has the ability to grow out of control, and this can affect the balance of bacteria in the digestive system.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome – It is actually completely normal for us to get tired, However, it is not normal for us to feel tired all of the time. We should be able to wake up in the morning feeling reasonably fresh and alert, although that is not always the case. If an individual is always feeling tired no matter what, then that individual may have chronic fatigue syndrome.

In addition to feeling tired all of the time, chronic fatigue syndrome can furthermore cause, you guessed it, brain fog, with the individual often feeling as though they are confused and unable to focus. There is no cure for this condition as of yet, however, medication and therapy may as a minimum help to improve the quality of the individual’s life.

 Multiple Sclerosis – Multiple sclerosis is a condition that can have an intense effect on an individual and those around them. It attacks the central nervous system, including the brain, and has an impact on the individual’s ability to move the muscles of their body.

It additionally has an injurious effect on the individual’s cognitive abilities. Individuals with multiple sclerosis can encounter difficulties with focus and memory—brain freeze. They will additionally often have problems with communicating and comprehending as the condition advances. Multiple sclerosis cannot be cured, but treatment and therapy can assist in slowing the beginning of the condition and improve the individual’s quality of life.

Depression – We have learned quite a bit concerning mental health, and it has been discovered that an astounding number of individuals suffer from some form of a mental health problem. Among the most widespread of all these problems is depression, which can be a very serious condition for sure. It can cause many symptoms, including brain fog.

Depression is frequently referred to as the silent killer. The reason being is because individuals with the condition will regularly suffer in silence, thus putting a brave face on things, and other individuals will often not be aware that they have a problem. The patient is often far from satisfactory, though, and depression is amid the leading causes of death along with otherwise healthy individuals.

Pregnancy – Many females discover that it is harder to retain information, which is a symptom of brain fog, during pregnancy. Additionally, during pregnancy, a fetus can change the body in many ways, and the chemicals released to protect and nourish the fetus may bring on memory problems.

Menopause – Females may find it difficult to learn or remember things when they arrive at this stage of life. It occurs about a year after their last menstrual cycle, which is usually around age 50. Along with brain fog, they also may have hot flashes, sudden sweating with an elevated heart rate and body temperature, and other body changes. Hormone supplements and other types of medication may help mitigate or eliminate these effects.

Lupus – This long-term disease initiates the immune system to attack the body, and the symptoms can be different on a case-by-case basis. About fifty percent of the individuals with lupus have problems with memory, confusion, or trouble concentrating. Unfortunately, there is no cure, but medication and treatment with a therapist can assist.

How to Treat Brain Fog

Brain fog treatment depends a great deal on what has caused it in the first place.

For example, if an individual is anemic, iron supplements may his or her production of red blood cells and thus reducing the brain fog. If an individual is diagnosed with an autoimmune disease, the physician could recommend a corticosteroid or other medication to decrease inflammation or restrain the immune system.

At times, relieving brain fog is simply a matter of correcting a nutritional insufficiency, changing medications, or improving the value of sleep.

Home remedies to improve brain fog include:

Do I have Brain Fog? - Brain Fog Treatment
Brain Fog Remedies
  • Exercising
  • Finding activities that one enjoys doing such as a hobby
  • Increasing the intake of protein, vegetables, fruits, and healthy fats
  • Managing stress by knowing individual limitations
  • Avoid excessive amounts of alcohol and Caffeine.
  • Getting proper rest – sleeping 8 to 9 hours per night
  • Strengthening brain power (e.g. solving brain puzzles)
  • Supplementation – A good multivitamin in addition to a proper diet can ensure the intake of the necessary vitamins, minerals, and nutrients needed for a strong mind and body.

For a vast selection of vitamins, minerals, and nutrients visit this link.

These remedies can also be engaged to prevent brain fog from occurring initially.

Any questions, comments, or concerns, can be left below.

Good Health!!





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